The social context of alcohol use involves both motivational and situational factors that influence drinking behavior among young adults. In this study, a significant multivariate interaction involving gender and alcohol use intensity was found on 6 social context factors. Among women, the social context of Emotional Pain most clearly separated lower intensity from higher intensity drinkers, whereas for men, the clearest separating factor was the context of Social Facilitation. Higher intensity drinkers were more likely than lower intensity drinkers to use alcohol in these contexts. Significant interaction effects involving gender were not found for driving under the influence or riding with an impaired driver; however, significant main effects for these 2 factors were discovered. The implications of the findings for counseling alcohol-abusing young adults are discussed.