Effects of popular diets without specific calorie targets on weight loss outcomes

Systematic review of findings from clinical trials

Stephen D. Anton, Azumi Hida, Kacey Heekin, Kristen Sowalsky, Christy Karabetian, Heather Mutchie, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Todd M. Manini, Tracey Elaine Barnett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present review examined the evidence base for current popular diets, as listed in the 2016 U.S. News & World Report, on short-term (≤six months) and long-term (≥one year) weight loss outcomes in overweight and obese adults. For the present review, all diets in the 2016 U.S. News & World Report Rankings for “Best Weight-Loss Diets”, which did not involve specific calorie targets, meal replacements, supplementation with commercial products, and/or were not categorized as “low-calorie” diets were examined. Of the 38 popular diets listed in the U.S. News & World Report, 20 met our pre-defined criteria. Literature searches were conducted through PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science using preset key terms to identify all relevant clinical trials for these 20 diets. A total of 16 articles were identified which reported findings of clinical trials for seven of these 20 diets: (1) Atkins; (2) Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH); (3) Glycemic-Index; (4) Mediterranean; (5) Ornish; (6) Paleolithic; and (7) Zone. Of the diets evaluated, the Atkins Diet showed the most evidence in producing clinically meaningful short-term (≤six months) and long-term (≥one-year) weight loss. Other popular diets may be equally or even more effective at producing weight loss, but this is unknown at the present time since there is a paucity of studies on these diets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number822
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017

Fingerprint

popular diets
systematic review
Weight Loss
clinical trials
weight loss
Clinical Trials
Diet
diet
Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet
Library Science
Reducing Diet
Glycemic Index
Caloric Restriction
low calorie diet
glycemic index
PubMed
hypertension
Meals
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Carbohydrates
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Protein

Cite this

Anton, Stephen D. ; Hida, Azumi ; Heekin, Kacey ; Sowalsky, Kristen ; Karabetian, Christy ; Mutchie, Heather ; Leeuwenburgh, Christiaan ; Manini, Todd M. ; Barnett, Tracey Elaine. / Effects of popular diets without specific calorie targets on weight loss outcomes : Systematic review of findings from clinical trials. In: Nutrients. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 8.
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Anton, SD, Hida, A, Heekin, K, Sowalsky, K, Karabetian, C, Mutchie, H, Leeuwenburgh, C, Manini, TM & Barnett, TE 2017, 'Effects of popular diets without specific calorie targets on weight loss outcomes: Systematic review of findings from clinical trials', Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 8, 822. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9080822

Effects of popular diets without specific calorie targets on weight loss outcomes : Systematic review of findings from clinical trials. / Anton, Stephen D.; Hida, Azumi; Heekin, Kacey; Sowalsky, Kristen; Karabetian, Christy; Mutchie, Heather; Leeuwenburgh, Christiaan; Manini, Todd M.; Barnett, Tracey Elaine.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 9, No. 8, 822, 01.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Hida, Azumi

AU - Heekin, Kacey

AU - Sowalsky, Kristen

AU - Karabetian, Christy

AU - Mutchie, Heather

AU - Leeuwenburgh, Christiaan

AU - Manini, Todd M.

AU - Barnett, Tracey Elaine

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