Effects of popular diets without specific calorie targets on weight loss outcomes: Systematic review of findings from clinical trials

Stephen D. Anton, Azumi Hida, Kacey Heekin, Kristen Sowalsky, Christy Karabetian, Heather Mutchie, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Todd M. Manini, Tracey Elaine Barnett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present review examined the evidence base for current popular diets, as listed in the 2016 U.S. News & World Report, on short-term (≤six months) and long-term (≥one year) weight loss outcomes in overweight and obese adults. For the present review, all diets in the 2016 U.S. News & World Report Rankings for “Best Weight-Loss Diets”, which did not involve specific calorie targets, meal replacements, supplementation with commercial products, and/or were not categorized as “low-calorie” diets were examined. Of the 38 popular diets listed in the U.S. News & World Report, 20 met our pre-defined criteria. Literature searches were conducted through PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science using preset key terms to identify all relevant clinical trials for these 20 diets. A total of 16 articles were identified which reported findings of clinical trials for seven of these 20 diets: (1) Atkins; (2) Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH); (3) Glycemic-Index; (4) Mediterranean; (5) Ornish; (6) Paleolithic; and (7) Zone. Of the diets evaluated, the Atkins Diet showed the most evidence in producing clinically meaningful short-term (≤six months) and long-term (≥one-year) weight loss. Other popular diets may be equally or even more effective at producing weight loss, but this is unknown at the present time since there is a paucity of studies on these diets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number822
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017

Fingerprint

popular diets
systematic review
Weight Loss
clinical trials
weight loss
Clinical Trials
Diet
diet
Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet
Library Science
Reducing Diet
Glycemic Index
Caloric Restriction
low calorie diet
glycemic index
PubMed
hypertension
Meals
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Carbohydrates
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Protein

Cite this

Anton, Stephen D. ; Hida, Azumi ; Heekin, Kacey ; Sowalsky, Kristen ; Karabetian, Christy ; Mutchie, Heather ; Leeuwenburgh, Christiaan ; Manini, Todd M. ; Barnett, Tracey Elaine. / Effects of popular diets without specific calorie targets on weight loss outcomes : Systematic review of findings from clinical trials. In: Nutrients. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 8.
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Anton, SD, Hida, A, Heekin, K, Sowalsky, K, Karabetian, C, Mutchie, H, Leeuwenburgh, C, Manini, TM & Barnett, TE 2017, 'Effects of popular diets without specific calorie targets on weight loss outcomes: Systematic review of findings from clinical trials', Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 8, 822. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9080822

Effects of popular diets without specific calorie targets on weight loss outcomes : Systematic review of findings from clinical trials. / Anton, Stephen D.; Hida, Azumi; Heekin, Kacey; Sowalsky, Kristen; Karabetian, Christy; Mutchie, Heather; Leeuwenburgh, Christiaan; Manini, Todd M.; Barnett, Tracey Elaine.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 9, No. 8, 822, 01.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Anton, Stephen D.

AU - Hida, Azumi

AU - Heekin, Kacey

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AU - Karabetian, Christy

AU - Mutchie, Heather

AU - Leeuwenburgh, Christiaan

AU - Manini, Todd M.

AU - Barnett, Tracey Elaine

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