Investigated the effects of learned control of heart rate (HR) deceleration and therapeutic expectancy set in reducing speech anxiety in 36 speech-anxious undergraduates. HR control training and no training conditions were each paired with high-therapeutic-expectancy and neutral expectancy instructions to assess the individual and combined effects of the 2 factors. Results demonstrate that learning to control HR deceleration led to a significant reduction in self-report, physiological (HR and skin conductance level), and overt signs of anxiety, relative to the no-HR control condition. High-therapeutic-expectancy instructions also contributed to a reduction in self-reported anxiety. Results show that learned HR control is an effective therapeutic technique for reducing anxiety. (21 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- heart rate control training &
- therapeutic expectancy set, reduction of speech anxiety, speech-anxious college students