Effectiveness of a Screening and Brief Intervention protocol for heavy drinkers in dental practice: A cluster-randomized trial

James Alan Neff, Michelle L. Kelley, Scott T. Walters, Tina D. Cunningham, James F. Paulson, Abby L. Braitman, Tegwyn H. Brickhouse, John C. Gunsolley, Michele L. Darby, Margaret F. Lemaster, J. Patrick Vandersluis, Margaret M. Walsh, Heather Bolen

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Abstract

Results of a cluster-randomized trial of a Screening and Brief Intervention for heavy drinkers in dental practice are reported. Data were obtained from 103 heavy drinking patients recruited from randomized intervention (7; n = 50) and control (6; n = 53) practices. Analysis of data revealed that 6-month decreases in total drinks per week were significantly (p <.05) greater for heavy drinking intervention (43%) than control patients (21%) - a 4 drink per week difference. Similar decreases were obtained for quantity and frequency among intervention patients compared to control patients. Despite power limitations, the 6-month results support the effectiveness of the Screening and Brief Intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1534-1548
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume20
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

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Keywords

  • alcohol
  • drinking behavior
  • heavy drinking
  • intervention
  • randomized controlled trial

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