Effect of groundwater irrigation on cadmium pollution in surface soil of farmland

Yan Zhang, Hui Wen Zhang, Zhen Cheng Su, Xin Yu Li, Cheng Gang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The object of this study is to evaluate the clean-up effect of ground water irrigation on soil Cd pollution, and to provide theoretical evidences for engineering management. Soil Cd pollution index and soil microbial biomass were used to evaluate Cd pollution in Zhangshi Irrigation Area. Contents of soil Cd were compared with historic data of the past 13 years to analyse the changes of soil Cd content. The removal rate of cadmium by HC1, DTPA solution and clean water were also analyzed. The results show that after groundwater irrigation for 13 years soil in Zhangshi Irrigation Area is still heavily polluted by Cd although soil Cd content greatly decreased. The highest pollution index is 10.85 and the growth of microbes is inhibited. When soil Cd content in Zhangshi Irrigation Area is relatively high Cd content in the surface soil can be reduced by groundwater irrigation. When Cd content in soil of this area dropped to certain level groundwater irrigation shows no clean-up effect on soil Cd pollution. Chelator and biological measures should be used to speed up the removal of Cd and the restoration of soil ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-291
Number of pages3
JournalLiaoning Gongcheng Jishu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Liaoning Technical University (Natural Science Edition)
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - 1 May 2007


  • Cadmium contamination
  • Clean-water irrigation
  • Farmland
  • Microbial biomass


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