Effect of disordered hemes on energy transfer rates between tryptophans and heme in myoglobin

Z. Gryczynski, C. Fronticelli, T. Tenenholz, E. Bucci

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Our recent linear dichroism study of heme transitions (Gryczynski, Z., E. Bucci, and J. Kusba. 1993. Photochem. Photobiology. in press) indicate that heme cannot be considered a planar oscillator when it acts as an acceptor of radiationless excitation energy transfer from tryptophan. The linear nature of the heme absorption transition moment in the near-UV region implies a strong dependence of the transfer rate factors on the relative angular position of the heme and tryptophan, i.e., on the kappa 2 orientation parameter of the Förster equation. Using the atomic coordinates of SW myoglobin we have estimated the variation of kappa 2 parameter as a function of the heme absorption transition moment direction. The simulations proved that transfer is very efficient and anticipates lifetimes in the picosecond range. Also, they showed that transfer is very sensitive to rotations of the heme around its alpha-gamma-meso-axis, which may reduce the efficiency of transfer to almost zero values, producing lifetimes very similar to those of free tryptophan, in the nanosecond range. Comparisons between the lifetime values reported in the literature and those here estimated suggest that natural heme disorder, in which heme is rotated 180 degrees around its meso axis, is at the origin of the nanosecond lifetimes found in myoglobin systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1951-1958
Number of pages8
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1993


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