Fabry's disease, which is characterized by α-galactosidase A (AG) deficiency, causes early renal failure. Kidney transplants do not reliably supply the deficient enzyme. To assess both urinary excretion of AG by the transplant and the relationship between urine and serum hydrolase activity, acute and chronic acid-base studies were performed in normal control subjects and in the patients with Fabry's disease who had undergone renal transplantation. For the acute studies, alkalasis was induced by intravenous infusion of sodium bicarbonate and acidosis was induced by ingestion of ammonium chloride. The chronic study involved long-term ingestion by NH4Cl by only the patient with Fabry's disease. The results show that AG is secrteted by the renal graft. Urinary hydrolase excretion was increased by acute alkalinization and decreased by acute acidification. Acute, but not chronic, acidification increased the patient's serum AG activity, indicating that long-term acidification is not useful for treating Fabry's disease after transplantation. The large changes in hydrolyase excretion induced by acute and chronic acid-base changes show the difficulty of using lysosomal enzymuria as a diagnostic marker for renal disorders without knowledge of acid-base conditions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine|
|State||Published - Jun 1990|