Dual small fragment plating improves screw-to-screw load sharing for mid-diaphyseal humeral fracture fixation: A finite element study

Victor Kosmopoulos, Colten Luedke, Arvind D. Nana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A smaller humerus in some patients makes the use of a large fragment fixation plate difficult. Dual small fragment plate constructs have been suggested as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: This study compares the biomechanical performance of three single and one dual plate construct for mid-diaphyseal humeral fracture fixation. METHODS: Five humeral shaft finite element models (1 intact and 4 fixation) were loaded in torsion, compression, posterior-anterior (PA) bending, and lateral-medial (LM) bending. A comminuted fracture was simulated by a 1-cm gap. Fracture fixation was modelled by: (A) 4.5-mm 9-hole large fragment plate (wide), (B) 4.5-mm 9-hole large fragment plate (narrow), (C) 3.5-mm 9-hole small fragment plate, and (D) one 3.5-mm 9-hole small fragment plate and one 3.5-mm 7-hole small fragment plate. RESULTS: Model A showed the best outcomes in torsion and PA bending, whereas Model D outperformed the others in compression and LM bending. Stress concentrations were located near and around the unused screw holes for each of the single plate models and at the neck of the screws just below the plates for all the models studied. Other than in PA bending, Model D showed the best overall screw-to-screw load sharing characteristics. CONCLUSION: The results support using a dual small fragment locking plate construct as an alternative in cases where crutch weight-bearing (compression) tolerance may be important and where anatomy limits the size of the humerus bone segment available for large fragment plate fixation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-92
Number of pages10
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Fracture fixation
Humeral Fractures
Fracture Fixation
Humerus
Plating
Crutches
Comminuted Fractures
Weight-Bearing
Anatomy
Neck
Bone and Bones
Torsional stress
Bearings (structural)
Stress concentration
Bone

Keywords

  • Finite element analysis
  • bone plates
  • humerus
  • internal fracture fixation
  • mechanical stress

Cite this

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title = "Dual small fragment plating improves screw-to-screw load sharing for mid-diaphyseal humeral fracture fixation: A finite element study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: A smaller humerus in some patients makes the use of a large fragment fixation plate difficult. Dual small fragment plate constructs have been suggested as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: This study compares the biomechanical performance of three single and one dual plate construct for mid-diaphyseal humeral fracture fixation. METHODS: Five humeral shaft finite element models (1 intact and 4 fixation) were loaded in torsion, compression, posterior-anterior (PA) bending, and lateral-medial (LM) bending. A comminuted fracture was simulated by a 1-cm gap. Fracture fixation was modelled by: (A) 4.5-mm 9-hole large fragment plate (wide), (B) 4.5-mm 9-hole large fragment plate (narrow), (C) 3.5-mm 9-hole small fragment plate, and (D) one 3.5-mm 9-hole small fragment plate and one 3.5-mm 7-hole small fragment plate. RESULTS: Model A showed the best outcomes in torsion and PA bending, whereas Model D outperformed the others in compression and LM bending. Stress concentrations were located near and around the unused screw holes for each of the single plate models and at the neck of the screws just below the plates for all the models studied. Other than in PA bending, Model D showed the best overall screw-to-screw load sharing characteristics. CONCLUSION: The results support using a dual small fragment locking plate construct as an alternative in cases where crutch weight-bearing (compression) tolerance may be important and where anatomy limits the size of the humerus bone segment available for large fragment plate fixation.",
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Dual small fragment plating improves screw-to-screw load sharing for mid-diaphyseal humeral fracture fixation : A finite element study. / Kosmopoulos, Victor; Luedke, Colten; Nana, Arvind D.

In: Technology and Health Care, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 83-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dual small fragment plating improves screw-to-screw load sharing for mid-diaphyseal humeral fracture fixation

T2 - A finite element study

AU - Kosmopoulos, Victor

AU - Luedke, Colten

AU - Nana, Arvind D.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: A smaller humerus in some patients makes the use of a large fragment fixation plate difficult. Dual small fragment plate constructs have been suggested as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: This study compares the biomechanical performance of three single and one dual plate construct for mid-diaphyseal humeral fracture fixation. METHODS: Five humeral shaft finite element models (1 intact and 4 fixation) were loaded in torsion, compression, posterior-anterior (PA) bending, and lateral-medial (LM) bending. A comminuted fracture was simulated by a 1-cm gap. Fracture fixation was modelled by: (A) 4.5-mm 9-hole large fragment plate (wide), (B) 4.5-mm 9-hole large fragment plate (narrow), (C) 3.5-mm 9-hole small fragment plate, and (D) one 3.5-mm 9-hole small fragment plate and one 3.5-mm 7-hole small fragment plate. RESULTS: Model A showed the best outcomes in torsion and PA bending, whereas Model D outperformed the others in compression and LM bending. Stress concentrations were located near and around the unused screw holes for each of the single plate models and at the neck of the screws just below the plates for all the models studied. Other than in PA bending, Model D showed the best overall screw-to-screw load sharing characteristics. CONCLUSION: The results support using a dual small fragment locking plate construct as an alternative in cases where crutch weight-bearing (compression) tolerance may be important and where anatomy limits the size of the humerus bone segment available for large fragment plate fixation.

AB - BACKGROUND: A smaller humerus in some patients makes the use of a large fragment fixation plate difficult. Dual small fragment plate constructs have been suggested as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: This study compares the biomechanical performance of three single and one dual plate construct for mid-diaphyseal humeral fracture fixation. METHODS: Five humeral shaft finite element models (1 intact and 4 fixation) were loaded in torsion, compression, posterior-anterior (PA) bending, and lateral-medial (LM) bending. A comminuted fracture was simulated by a 1-cm gap. Fracture fixation was modelled by: (A) 4.5-mm 9-hole large fragment plate (wide), (B) 4.5-mm 9-hole large fragment plate (narrow), (C) 3.5-mm 9-hole small fragment plate, and (D) one 3.5-mm 9-hole small fragment plate and one 3.5-mm 7-hole small fragment plate. RESULTS: Model A showed the best outcomes in torsion and PA bending, whereas Model D outperformed the others in compression and LM bending. Stress concentrations were located near and around the unused screw holes for each of the single plate models and at the neck of the screws just below the plates for all the models studied. Other than in PA bending, Model D showed the best overall screw-to-screw load sharing characteristics. CONCLUSION: The results support using a dual small fragment locking plate construct as an alternative in cases where crutch weight-bearing (compression) tolerance may be important and where anatomy limits the size of the humerus bone segment available for large fragment plate fixation.

KW - Finite element analysis

KW - bone plates

KW - humerus

KW - internal fracture fixation

KW - mechanical stress

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U2 - 10.3233/THC-140875

DO - 10.3233/THC-140875

M3 - Article

C2 - 25408282

AN - SCOPUS:84922645031

VL - 23

SP - 83

EP - 92

JO - Technology and Health Care

JF - Technology and Health Care

SN - 0928-7329

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