Drinking and related problems on the college campus have reached near epidemic levels. In order to address this trend, many colleges have launched alcohol prevention and intervention programs for college students. Unfortunately, most such programs are either not empirically validated or are plainly based on models that have shown poor efficacy. This overview of the college treatment literature describes the kinds of interventions that have shown the best success and offers directions for future studies. In general, educational and abstinence-based approaches show the least efficacy, while other types of skills, attitudinal and feedback-based interventions based on aspects of the social learning model appear to be more successful. In addition to employing those approaches that have shown empirical success, a re-examination of the role that alcohol plays in the larger campus culture is crucial. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
- Alcohol abuse
- Campus policy