Dopamine Transporter Loss in 6-OHDA Parkinson's Model Is Unmet by Parallel Reduction in Dopamine Uptake

Tanya Chotibut, Deana M. Apple, Rebecca Jefferis, Michael Francis Salvatore

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dopamine transporter (DAT) regulates synaptic dopamine (DA) in striatum and modulation of DAT can affect locomotor activity. Thus, in Parkinson's disease (PD), DAT loss could affect DA clearance and locomotor activity. The locomotor benefits of L-DOPA may be mediated by transport through monoamine transporters and conversion to DA. However, its impact upon DA reuptake is unknown and may modulate synaptic DA. Using the unilateral 6-OHDA rat PD model, we examined [3H]DA uptake dynamics in relation to striatal DAT and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein loss compared with contralateral intact striatum. Despite >70% striatal DAT loss, DA uptake decreased only ~25% and increased as DAT loss approached 99%. As other monoamine transporters can transport DA, we determined if norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) differentially modulated DA uptake in lesioned striatum. Unlabeled DA, NE, and 5-HT were used, at a concentration that differentially inhibited DA uptake in intact striatum, to compete against [3H]DA uptake. In 6-OHDA lesioned striatum, DA was less effective, whereas NE was more effective, at inhibiting [3H]DA uptake. Furthermore, norepinephrine transporter (NET) protein levels increased and desipramine was ~two-fold more effective at inhibiting NE uptake. Serotonin inhibited [3H]DA uptake, but without significant difference between lesioned and contralateral striatum. L-DOPA inhibited [3H]DA uptake two-fold more in lesioned striatum and inhibited NE uptake ~five-fold more than DA uptake in naïve striatum. Consequently, DA uptake may be mediated by NET when DAT loss is at PD levels. Increased inhibition of DA uptake by L-DOPA and its preferential inhibition of NE over DA uptake, indicates that NET-mediated DA uptake may be modulated by L-DOPA when DAT loss exceeds 70%. These results indicate a novel mechanism for DA uptake during PD progression and provide new insight into how L-DOPA affects DA uptake, revealing possible mechanisms of its therapeutic and side effect potential.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere52322
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Dec 2012

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Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
Oxidopamine
dopamine
transporters
Dopamine
uptake mechanisms
norepinephrine
Norepinephrine
Norepinephrine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
Parkinson Disease
Parkinson disease
Serotonin
serotonin
Corpus Striatum
Locomotion
monoamines

Cite this

@article{4cbf4dab642a41aaa586d40d289795b0,
title = "Dopamine Transporter Loss in 6-OHDA Parkinson's Model Is Unmet by Parallel Reduction in Dopamine Uptake",
abstract = "The dopamine transporter (DAT) regulates synaptic dopamine (DA) in striatum and modulation of DAT can affect locomotor activity. Thus, in Parkinson's disease (PD), DAT loss could affect DA clearance and locomotor activity. The locomotor benefits of L-DOPA may be mediated by transport through monoamine transporters and conversion to DA. However, its impact upon DA reuptake is unknown and may modulate synaptic DA. Using the unilateral 6-OHDA rat PD model, we examined [3H]DA uptake dynamics in relation to striatal DAT and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein loss compared with contralateral intact striatum. Despite >70{\%} striatal DAT loss, DA uptake decreased only ~25{\%} and increased as DAT loss approached 99{\%}. As other monoamine transporters can transport DA, we determined if norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) differentially modulated DA uptake in lesioned striatum. Unlabeled DA, NE, and 5-HT were used, at a concentration that differentially inhibited DA uptake in intact striatum, to compete against [3H]DA uptake. In 6-OHDA lesioned striatum, DA was less effective, whereas NE was more effective, at inhibiting [3H]DA uptake. Furthermore, norepinephrine transporter (NET) protein levels increased and desipramine was ~two-fold more effective at inhibiting NE uptake. Serotonin inhibited [3H]DA uptake, but without significant difference between lesioned and contralateral striatum. L-DOPA inhibited [3H]DA uptake two-fold more in lesioned striatum and inhibited NE uptake ~five-fold more than DA uptake in na{\"i}ve striatum. Consequently, DA uptake may be mediated by NET when DAT loss is at PD levels. Increased inhibition of DA uptake by L-DOPA and its preferential inhibition of NE over DA uptake, indicates that NET-mediated DA uptake may be modulated by L-DOPA when DAT loss exceeds 70{\%}. These results indicate a novel mechanism for DA uptake during PD progression and provide new insight into how L-DOPA affects DA uptake, revealing possible mechanisms of its therapeutic and side effect potential.",
author = "Tanya Chotibut and Apple, {Deana M.} and Rebecca Jefferis and Salvatore, {Michael Francis}",
year = "2012",
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Dopamine Transporter Loss in 6-OHDA Parkinson's Model Is Unmet by Parallel Reduction in Dopamine Uptake. / Chotibut, Tanya; Apple, Deana M.; Jefferis, Rebecca; Salvatore, Michael Francis.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 12, e52322, 29.12.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Chotibut, Tanya

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AB - The dopamine transporter (DAT) regulates synaptic dopamine (DA) in striatum and modulation of DAT can affect locomotor activity. Thus, in Parkinson's disease (PD), DAT loss could affect DA clearance and locomotor activity. The locomotor benefits of L-DOPA may be mediated by transport through monoamine transporters and conversion to DA. However, its impact upon DA reuptake is unknown and may modulate synaptic DA. Using the unilateral 6-OHDA rat PD model, we examined [3H]DA uptake dynamics in relation to striatal DAT and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein loss compared with contralateral intact striatum. Despite >70% striatal DAT loss, DA uptake decreased only ~25% and increased as DAT loss approached 99%. As other monoamine transporters can transport DA, we determined if norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) differentially modulated DA uptake in lesioned striatum. Unlabeled DA, NE, and 5-HT were used, at a concentration that differentially inhibited DA uptake in intact striatum, to compete against [3H]DA uptake. In 6-OHDA lesioned striatum, DA was less effective, whereas NE was more effective, at inhibiting [3H]DA uptake. Furthermore, norepinephrine transporter (NET) protein levels increased and desipramine was ~two-fold more effective at inhibiting NE uptake. Serotonin inhibited [3H]DA uptake, but without significant difference between lesioned and contralateral striatum. L-DOPA inhibited [3H]DA uptake two-fold more in lesioned striatum and inhibited NE uptake ~five-fold more than DA uptake in naïve striatum. Consequently, DA uptake may be mediated by NET when DAT loss is at PD levels. Increased inhibition of DA uptake by L-DOPA and its preferential inhibition of NE over DA uptake, indicates that NET-mediated DA uptake may be modulated by L-DOPA when DAT loss exceeds 70%. These results indicate a novel mechanism for DA uptake during PD progression and provide new insight into how L-DOPA affects DA uptake, revealing possible mechanisms of its therapeutic and side effect potential.

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