We studied fluorescence resonance energy transfer between donors and acceptors bound to double-helical DNA. The donor Hoechst 33258 binds to the minor groove of DNA and the acceptor propidium iodide (PI) is an intercalator. The time-resolved donor decays were measured in the frequency domain. The donor decays were consistent with a random 1-dimensional distribution of acceptors. The decays were analyzed in terms of three 1-dimensional models: a random continuous acceptor distribution; acceptors placed on discrete lattice sites; and a cylindrical model with the acceptor in the center, and the donors on a cylinder surface. The data were well described by all three models. Interpretation in terms of continuous distribution of acceptors revealed a minimum donor to acceptor distance of 13 Å, which is 3 bp from the center of Hoechst 33252. These results suggest that PI is excluded from the 4 bp covered by Hoechst 33252 when it is bound to the minor groove of DNA. (C) 2000 John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biopolymers - Biospectroscopy Section|
|State||Published - 2000|
- Double-helical DNA
- Fluorescence resonance energy transfer