Distribution of apolipoprotein A-IV between the lipoprotein and the lipoprotein-free fractions of rat plasma: Possible role of lecithin:Cholesterol acyltransferase

J. G. DeLamatre, C. A. Hoffmeier, Andras G. Lacko, P. S. Roheim

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Abstract

Plasma samples were incubated under various conditions to study the effect of in vitro incubation on apolipoprotein A-IV distribution between the lipoprotein and lipoprotein-free fractions. When plasma was fractionated immediately after bleeding, apolipoprotein A-IV was present in equal concentrations in the lipoprotein and lipoprotein-free fractions. After a 4-hr, 37°C incubation, >90% of total plasma apolipoprotein A-IV was present in the lipoprotein fraction and the percentage of plasma cholesterol present as cholesteryl ester increased from 58% to 74%. When plasma was incubated for 4 hr at 37°C in the presence of 1.5 mM 5,5-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB), >90% of total plasma apoA-IV was present in the lipoprotein-free fraction, whereas plasma cholesteryl ester concentration did not change. Incubating heat-inactivated plasma for 4 hr also resulted in the redistribution of apolipoprotein A-IV from the lipoprotein fraction to the lipoprotein-free fraction, concurrent with no change in cholesterol esterification. When heat-inactivated plasma was incubated in the presence of a purified lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase preparation, cholesterol esterification was restored and apolipoprotein A-IV was redistributed from the lipoprotein-free fraction to the lipoprotein fraction in such a manner that >90% was present in the lipoprotein fraction. No changes in apolipoprotein A-I and apolipoprotein E distributions were found under any of the above conditions. Thus, the in vitro plasma incubations show that apolipoprotein A-IV can move bidirectionally between lipoprotein and lipoprotein-free fractions; the direction of this movement depends on the condition of the incubation. These data also suggest that the LCAT reaction can influence apolipoprotein A-IV distribution in the plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1578-1585
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume24
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1983

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