Discriminative stimulus effects of N,N-diisopropyltryptamine

Theresa M. Carbonaro, Michael J. Forster, Michael B. Gatch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Serotonergic hallucinogens such as (+)-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and dimethyltryptamine (DMT) produce distinctive visual effects, whereas the synthetic hallucinogen N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (DiPT) is known for its production of auditory distortions. Objective: This study compares the discriminative stimulus effects of DiPT to those of visual hallucinogens. Methods: Adult male rats were trained to discriminate DiPT (5 mg/kg, 15 min) from saline under a FR10 schedule. A dose-effect and time course of DiPT's discriminative stimulus effects were established. DMT, (-)-2,5-dimethoxy-4- methylamphetamine (DOM), LSD, (±)-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), and (+)-methamphetamine were tested for cross-substitution in DiPT-trained animals. Results: Rats learned to discriminate DiPT from saline in an average of 60 training sessions (30 drug and 30 saline). DiPT (0.5-5 mg/kg) produced dose-dependent increases in drug-appropriate responding (DAR) to 99 % (ED 50 = 2.47 mg/kg). Onset of the discriminative stimulus effects was within 5 min, and the effects dissipated within 4 h. Full substitution for the discriminative stimulus effects of DiPT occurred with LSD, DOM, and MDMA. DMT only partially substituted for DiPT (65 % DAR), whereas (+)-methamphetamine failed to substitute for DiPT (29 % DAR). Conclusions: The discriminative stimulus effects of DiPT were similar those of a number of synthetic hallucinogens, only partially similar to those of DMT, but not similar to (+)-methamphetamine. The putative DiPT-induced auditory distortions do not lead to discriminative stimulus effects distinguishable from other hallucinogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-246
Number of pages6
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume226
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Drug discrimination
  • Hallucinogens
  • N,N-Diisopropyltryptamine
  • Rat

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