Differential responsiveness to cocaine C57BL/6J and DBA/2J mice

Beatriz A. Rocha, Linda A. Odom, Barbara A. Barron, Robert Ator, Samantha A. Wild, Michael J. Forster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study compared cocaine-induced hyperlocomotion and cocaine IV self-administration in DBA/2J and C57BL/6J mice. In the locomotor activity experiment, these strains were tested for hyperlocomotion after IP cocaine injection (0-60.0 mg/kg), using a Digiscan Animal Activity Monitoring System. In the cocaine IV self-administration experiment, they were compared for their ability to acquire and maintain cocaine self-administration in operant chambers with levers as the manipulanda. Animals were first trained to respond for food as a reinforcer (condensed milk solution); they were then submitted to surgical IV insertion of an indwelling catheter, and required to respond for IV cocaine (0.25-4.0 mg/kg per injection) as a reinforcer. DBA/2J mice showed significantly higher maximal cocaine-induced hyperlocomotion, more rapid acquisition of cocaine self-administration, and significantly lower rates of cocaine self-administration. Cocaine concentration in the brains of DBA/2J and C57BL/6J mice failed to differ following IP injection, suggesting that distribution factors were not involved in the differential responses to cocaine. Although not conclusive, this pattern of effects may suggest that cocaine has greater reinforcing efficacy in DBA/2J mice, confirming genetic make-up as a determinant factor in cocaine taking behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume138
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Jul 1998

Keywords

  • C57BL/6J
  • Cocaine brain levels
  • Cocaine dose-response
  • DBA/2J
  • IV self-administration
  • Inbred mice
  • Locomotor activity

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