Differential effects of water and saline intake on water deprivation-induced c-Fos staining in the rat

Helmut B. Gottlieb, Lisa L. Ji, Heath Jones, Maurice L. Penny, Tiffany Fleming, J. Thomas Cunningham

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Abstract

We studied c-Fos staining in adult male rats after 48 h of water deprivation and after 46 h of water deprivation with 2 h of access to water or physiological saline. Controls were allowed ad libitum access to water and physiological saline. For immunocytochemistry, anesthetized rats were perfused with a commercially available antibody for c-Fos. Dehydration significantly increased plasma vasopressin (AVP), osmolality, plasma renin activity (PRA), hematocrit, and sodium concentration and decreased urinary volume. Fos staining was significantly increased in the median preoptic nucleus, organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis, supraoptic nucleus (SON), and magnocellular and parvocellular paraventricular nucleus (PVN), as well as the area postrema, nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), and rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVL). Rehydration with water significantly decreased AVP levels and Fos staining in the SON, PVN, and RVL and significantly increased Fos expression in the perinuclear zone of the SON, NTS, and parabrachial nucleus. Rehydration with water was associated with decreased urinary sodium concentration and hypotonicity, and hematocrit and PRA were comparable to levels seen after dehydration. After rehydration with saline, plasma osmolality, hematocrit, and PRA were not different from control, but plasma AVP and urinary sodium concentration were increased. In the SON, Fos staining was significantly increased, with a great percentage of the Fos cells also stained for oxytocin compared with water deprivation. Changes in Fos staining were also observed in the NTS, RVL, parabrachial nucleus, and PVN. Rehydration with water or saline produces differential effects on plasma AVP, Fos staining, and sodium concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R1251-R1261
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume290
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2006

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Keywords

  • Anteroventral third ventricle
  • Dehydration
  • Thirst
  • Vasopressin

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