Development of an enantioselective assay for simultaneous separation of venlafaxine and O-desmethylvenlafaxine by micellar electrokinetic chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: Application to the analysis of drug-drug interaction

Yijin Liu, Michael Jann, Chad Vandenberg, Chin B. Eap, Shahab A. Shamsi

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

To-date, there has been no effective chiral capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) method reported for the simultaneous enantioseparation of the antidepressant drug, venlafaxine (VX) and its structurally-similar major metabolite, O-desmethylvenlafaxine (. O-DVX). This is mainly due to the difficulty of identifying MS compatible chiral selector, which could provide both high enantioselectivity and sensitive MS detection. In this work, poly-sodium N-undecenoyl. -L,. L-leucylalaninate (poly-. L,. L-SULA) was employed as a chiral selector after screening several dipeptide polymeric chiral surfactants. Baseline separation of both O-DVX and VX enantiomers was achieved in 15. min after optimizing the buffer pH, poly-. L,. L-SULA concentration, nebulizer pressure and separation voltage. Calibration curves in spiked plasma (recoveries higher than 80%) were linear over the concentration range 150-5000. ng/mL for both VX and O-DVX. The limit of detection (LOD) was found to be as low as 30. ng/mL and 21. ng/mL for O-DVX and VX, respectively. This method was successfully applied to measure the plasma concentrations of human volunteers receiving VX or O-DVX orally when co-administered without and with indinivar therapy. The results suggest that micellar electrokinetic chromatography electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (MEKC-ESI-MS/MS) is an effective low cost alternative technique for the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics studies of both O-DVX and VX enantiomers. The technique has potential to identify drug-drug interaction involving VX and O-DVX enantiomers while administering indinivar therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-128
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume1420
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Enantioseparation
  • MKEC-ESI-MS/MS
  • Poly-L,L-SULA
  • Venlafaxine/O-desmethylvenlafaxine

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