Description of a multihospital process to develop a care path for the child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Leslie W. McMahon, Patricia A. Sealing, D. H. Mahoney, W. Paul Bowman, Eric Sandler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article describes the National Association of Children’s Hospitals and Related Institutions (NACHRI) collaborative group process used to create a multihospital care path for the child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and presents strategies for implementation and future direction. Although most children in the united States with cancer are treated according to National Cancer Institute-sponsored comprehensive protocols, there is a wide variation in the implementation of protocols by physicians and hospitals. The development of this care path was based on evidence from the literature, review of practice patterns, expert opinion, and group participant consensus building. The resulting 4-day care path was organized into six categories of care (e.g., assessment practices, diagnostic tests, teaching, and discharge planning). Discharge criteria are stated at the beginning of the care path to emphasize the planning process immediately on admission. Clinical outcomes, skill and knowledge outcomes for the parent and child, and home assessment considerations are also included. Strategies to create change and gain support of various stakeholders toward implementation of the care path are presented. The strength of the resulting care path is possible in large part because the multihospital group process brought professionals from around the country together to discuss, analyze, and reach consensus on the practices related to the child with ALL. The group process enabled the development of a care path that goes beyond a traditional care path developed by a single institution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00800065
Pages (from-to)33-44
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000

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