Here we describe the derivation of novel cell lines from spontaneous mammary tumors that arose in mouse mammary tumor virus-polyomavirus (MMTV-PyV) Middle T (MidT) transgenic mice. Clonal cell lines from four mixed cell populations were tested for adenovirus transducibility and sensitivity to p53 tumor suppressor gene therapy mediated by SCH58500, a replication-deficient adenovirus that expresses human p53. The MidT2-1 cell line was selected for further characterization in vitro and in vivo. This cell line carried the PyV MidT antigen, had wild-type p53 DNA, and was sensitive to suppression of proliferation by MMAC/PTEN tumor suppressor gene therapy. MidT2-1 cells gave rise to highly aggressive tumors in syngeneic FVB mice in both the mammary fat pad and the peritoneal cavity. The histopathology of MidT2-1 tumors closely resembled the histopathology of the primary transgenic tumors. Tumor growth in vivo was inhibited by p53 gene therapy or by MMAC gene therapy. In addition, combination therapy with a number of anticancer agents had synergistic or additive efficacy in vitro. In particular, MMAC gene therapy synergized with SCH58500 or paclitaxel. In the i.p. MidT2-1 tumor model, p53 gene therapy enhanced the survival benefits of paclitaxel/cisplatin chemotherapy. Combination therapy has become a mainstay in cancer treatment. In this report, we use a novel transgenic mouse tumor cell line to suggest new combinations that might be explored in clinical cancer care. These include gene therapy using the tumor suppressors MMAC and p53, chemotherapy using farnesyl transferase inhibitors, the microtubulestabilizing taxanes, and the DNA synthesis disruptors gemcitabine and cisplatin. The precise biological mechanisms by which these therapies induce their antitumor effects are not fully elucidated. However, the work presented here suggests that many of these therapeutic approaches have synergistic antitumor activity when used in combination.
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 15 Dec 2000|