Defining community ambulation from the perspective of the older adult

Cynthia J. Brown, Christy Bradberry, Shalaney Green Howze, Lindsay Hickman, Heather Ray, Claire Peel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Little is known regarding destinations and distances necessary for independent community ambulation after enactment of the Americans with Disability Act. Objective: To qualitatively describe community locations visited by older adults and to determine ambulation distance required to visit these locations. Design: Descriptive study. Methods: Nineteen subjects, 65 years or older and who were independent with transportation, ambulation, and basic activities of daily living, were recruited from 4 senior centers in urban areas of central Alabama. The study was divided into 2 phases. In part 1, using qualitative methodology, older adults were interviewed to determine locations they visited in the community. In part 2, we visited the types of locations identified in part 1 and measured distances required to conduct business at each location. Obstacles, if any, to reaching these locations were identified. Results: Subjects had a mean age of 76.6 (5.8) years; 80% were women, and 50% lived alone in the community. Locations visited by subjects were identified and measured. Researchers categorized locations as essential, essential to some people, and nonessential. Essential locations included bank, doctor's office, and either a grocery store, pharmacy, and department store or a "superstore." A minimum of approximately 200 m was required for community ambulation to most locations, although this distance varied significantly among locations. Limitations: Geographic location and urban setting may not reflect distances necessary for rural residents. Conclusions: Physical therapists can use the 200-m distance as a starting point for goal-setting for older adults desiring a return to community independence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2010

Fingerprint

Walking
Senior Centers
Geographic Locations
Physical Therapists
Activities of Daily Living
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Mobility
  • Walking

Cite this

Brown, Cynthia J. ; Bradberry, Christy ; Howze, Shalaney Green ; Hickman, Lindsay ; Ray, Heather ; Peel, Claire. / Defining community ambulation from the perspective of the older adult. In: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy. 2010 ; Vol. 33, No. 2. pp. 56-63.
@article{ec6b9733002f45d9a93c27a4787742f5,
title = "Defining community ambulation from the perspective of the older adult",
abstract = "Background: Little is known regarding destinations and distances necessary for independent community ambulation after enactment of the Americans with Disability Act. Objective: To qualitatively describe community locations visited by older adults and to determine ambulation distance required to visit these locations. Design: Descriptive study. Methods: Nineteen subjects, 65 years or older and who were independent with transportation, ambulation, and basic activities of daily living, were recruited from 4 senior centers in urban areas of central Alabama. The study was divided into 2 phases. In part 1, using qualitative methodology, older adults were interviewed to determine locations they visited in the community. In part 2, we visited the types of locations identified in part 1 and measured distances required to conduct business at each location. Obstacles, if any, to reaching these locations were identified. Results: Subjects had a mean age of 76.6 (5.8) years; 80{\%} were women, and 50{\%} lived alone in the community. Locations visited by subjects were identified and measured. Researchers categorized locations as essential, essential to some people, and nonessential. Essential locations included bank, doctor's office, and either a grocery store, pharmacy, and department store or a {"}superstore.{"} A minimum of approximately 200 m was required for community ambulation to most locations, although this distance varied significantly among locations. Limitations: Geographic location and urban setting may not reflect distances necessary for rural residents. Conclusions: Physical therapists can use the 200-m distance as a starting point for goal-setting for older adults desiring a return to community independence.",
keywords = "Aging, Mobility, Walking",
author = "Brown, {Cynthia J.} and Christy Bradberry and Howze, {Shalaney Green} and Lindsay Hickman and Heather Ray and Claire Peel",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/JPT.0b013e3181defdbd",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "56--63",
journal = "Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy",
issn = "1539-8412",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

Defining community ambulation from the perspective of the older adult. / Brown, Cynthia J.; Bradberry, Christy; Howze, Shalaney Green; Hickman, Lindsay; Ray, Heather; Peel, Claire.

In: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, Vol. 33, No. 2, 01.04.2010, p. 56-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Defining community ambulation from the perspective of the older adult

AU - Brown, Cynthia J.

AU - Bradberry, Christy

AU - Howze, Shalaney Green

AU - Hickman, Lindsay

AU - Ray, Heather

AU - Peel, Claire

PY - 2010/4/1

Y1 - 2010/4/1

N2 - Background: Little is known regarding destinations and distances necessary for independent community ambulation after enactment of the Americans with Disability Act. Objective: To qualitatively describe community locations visited by older adults and to determine ambulation distance required to visit these locations. Design: Descriptive study. Methods: Nineteen subjects, 65 years or older and who were independent with transportation, ambulation, and basic activities of daily living, were recruited from 4 senior centers in urban areas of central Alabama. The study was divided into 2 phases. In part 1, using qualitative methodology, older adults were interviewed to determine locations they visited in the community. In part 2, we visited the types of locations identified in part 1 and measured distances required to conduct business at each location. Obstacles, if any, to reaching these locations were identified. Results: Subjects had a mean age of 76.6 (5.8) years; 80% were women, and 50% lived alone in the community. Locations visited by subjects were identified and measured. Researchers categorized locations as essential, essential to some people, and nonessential. Essential locations included bank, doctor's office, and either a grocery store, pharmacy, and department store or a "superstore." A minimum of approximately 200 m was required for community ambulation to most locations, although this distance varied significantly among locations. Limitations: Geographic location and urban setting may not reflect distances necessary for rural residents. Conclusions: Physical therapists can use the 200-m distance as a starting point for goal-setting for older adults desiring a return to community independence.

AB - Background: Little is known regarding destinations and distances necessary for independent community ambulation after enactment of the Americans with Disability Act. Objective: To qualitatively describe community locations visited by older adults and to determine ambulation distance required to visit these locations. Design: Descriptive study. Methods: Nineteen subjects, 65 years or older and who were independent with transportation, ambulation, and basic activities of daily living, were recruited from 4 senior centers in urban areas of central Alabama. The study was divided into 2 phases. In part 1, using qualitative methodology, older adults were interviewed to determine locations they visited in the community. In part 2, we visited the types of locations identified in part 1 and measured distances required to conduct business at each location. Obstacles, if any, to reaching these locations were identified. Results: Subjects had a mean age of 76.6 (5.8) years; 80% were women, and 50% lived alone in the community. Locations visited by subjects were identified and measured. Researchers categorized locations as essential, essential to some people, and nonessential. Essential locations included bank, doctor's office, and either a grocery store, pharmacy, and department store or a "superstore." A minimum of approximately 200 m was required for community ambulation to most locations, although this distance varied significantly among locations. Limitations: Geographic location and urban setting may not reflect distances necessary for rural residents. Conclusions: Physical therapists can use the 200-m distance as a starting point for goal-setting for older adults desiring a return to community independence.

KW - Aging

KW - Mobility

KW - Walking

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957742713&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/JPT.0b013e3181defdbd

DO - 10.1097/JPT.0b013e3181defdbd

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 56

EP - 63

JO - Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

JF - Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

SN - 1539-8412

IS - 2

ER -