Danshensu protects against ischemia/reperfusion injury and inhibits the apoptosis of H9c2 cells by reducing the calcium overload through the p-JNK-NF-κB-TRPC6 pathway

Ying Meng, Wei Zhu Li, You Wei Shi, Bing Feng Zhou, Rong Ma, Wei Ping Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) plays an important role in myocardial injury. In the present study, we aimed to examine the protective effects of Danshensu (DSS) against I/R injury and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. For this purpose, H9c2 cells were cultured in hypoxic solution in a hypoxic incubator for 2 h, and then cultured in a high oxygen incubator for various periods of time and pre-treated with or without DSS, ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) or SP600125 [a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor]. Cell apoptosis and cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) levels were analyzed by flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of JNK, phosphorylated (p-)JNK, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily C, member 6 (TRPC6) were measured by western blot analysis. The mRNA expression levels of JNK were measured by RT-qPCR. The results revealed that TRPC6 protein expression, the cell apoptotic rate and the [Ca2+]i levels increased in a time-dependent manner in the H9c2 cells following the induction of I/R injury. The apoptotic rate and TRPC6 protein expression decreased when the cells were treated with DSS prior to the induction of I/R injury. The knockdown of JNK expression by siRNA decreased the p-JNK and TRPC6 protein expression levels in the H9c2 cells subjected to I/R injury. The protein expression levels of p-JNK and NF-κB in the nucleus increased significantly when the H9c2 cells were subjected to I/R injury, whereas NF-κB expression in the cytoplasm decreased in a time dependent manner. However, p-JNK, NF-κB and TRPC6 protein expression, the [Ca2+]i level and cell apoptosis decreased when the H9c2 cells were pre-treated with DSS or SP600125. Therefore, our data suggest that DSS prevents myocardial I/R injury by inhibiting p-JNK activation and NF-κB translocation, which potentially upregulate TRPC6 expression, increase the [Ca2+]i level, and result in the apoptosis of H9c2 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-266
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of molecular medicine
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Reperfusion Injury
Phosphotransferases
Apoptosis
Calcium
Incubators
Proteins
Transient Receptor Potential Channels
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Protein Kinases
Small Interfering RNA
Reperfusion
Myocardial Ischemia
Cultured Cells
Flow Cytometry
Cytoplasm
Up-Regulation
Ischemia
Western Blotting

Keywords

  • Calcium overload
  • Danshensu
  • H9c2 cells
  • Ischemia/reperfusion
  • Member 6
  • Subfamily C
  • Transient receptor potential cation

Cite this

@article{dda2fa34246a4156a1f64fb53f695f95,
title = "Danshensu protects against ischemia/reperfusion injury and inhibits the apoptosis of H9c2 cells by reducing the calcium overload through the p-JNK-NF-κB-TRPC6 pathway",
abstract = "Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) plays an important role in myocardial injury. In the present study, we aimed to examine the protective effects of Danshensu (DSS) against I/R injury and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. For this purpose, H9c2 cells were cultured in hypoxic solution in a hypoxic incubator for 2 h, and then cultured in a high oxygen incubator for various periods of time and pre-treated with or without DSS, ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) or SP600125 [a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor]. Cell apoptosis and cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) levels were analyzed by flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of JNK, phosphorylated (p-)JNK, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily C, member 6 (TRPC6) were measured by western blot analysis. The mRNA expression levels of JNK were measured by RT-qPCR. The results revealed that TRPC6 protein expression, the cell apoptotic rate and the [Ca2+]i levels increased in a time-dependent manner in the H9c2 cells following the induction of I/R injury. The apoptotic rate and TRPC6 protein expression decreased when the cells were treated with DSS prior to the induction of I/R injury. The knockdown of JNK expression by siRNA decreased the p-JNK and TRPC6 protein expression levels in the H9c2 cells subjected to I/R injury. The protein expression levels of p-JNK and NF-κB in the nucleus increased significantly when the H9c2 cells were subjected to I/R injury, whereas NF-κB expression in the cytoplasm decreased in a time dependent manner. However, p-JNK, NF-κB and TRPC6 protein expression, the [Ca2+]i level and cell apoptosis decreased when the H9c2 cells were pre-treated with DSS or SP600125. Therefore, our data suggest that DSS prevents myocardial I/R injury by inhibiting p-JNK activation and NF-κB translocation, which potentially upregulate TRPC6 expression, increase the [Ca2+]i level, and result in the apoptosis of H9c2 cells.",
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Danshensu protects against ischemia/reperfusion injury and inhibits the apoptosis of H9c2 cells by reducing the calcium overload through the p-JNK-NF-κB-TRPC6 pathway. / Meng, Ying; Li, Wei Zhu; Shi, You Wei; Zhou, Bing Feng; Ma, Rong; Li, Wei Ping.

In: International journal of molecular medicine, Vol. 37, No. 1, 01.2016, p. 258-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Danshensu protects against ischemia/reperfusion injury and inhibits the apoptosis of H9c2 cells by reducing the calcium overload through the p-JNK-NF-κB-TRPC6 pathway

AU - Meng, Ying

AU - Li, Wei Zhu

AU - Shi, You Wei

AU - Zhou, Bing Feng

AU - Ma, Rong

AU - Li, Wei Ping

PY - 2016/1

Y1 - 2016/1

N2 - Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) plays an important role in myocardial injury. In the present study, we aimed to examine the protective effects of Danshensu (DSS) against I/R injury and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. For this purpose, H9c2 cells were cultured in hypoxic solution in a hypoxic incubator for 2 h, and then cultured in a high oxygen incubator for various periods of time and pre-treated with or without DSS, ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) or SP600125 [a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor]. Cell apoptosis and cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) levels were analyzed by flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of JNK, phosphorylated (p-)JNK, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily C, member 6 (TRPC6) were measured by western blot analysis. The mRNA expression levels of JNK were measured by RT-qPCR. The results revealed that TRPC6 protein expression, the cell apoptotic rate and the [Ca2+]i levels increased in a time-dependent manner in the H9c2 cells following the induction of I/R injury. The apoptotic rate and TRPC6 protein expression decreased when the cells were treated with DSS prior to the induction of I/R injury. The knockdown of JNK expression by siRNA decreased the p-JNK and TRPC6 protein expression levels in the H9c2 cells subjected to I/R injury. The protein expression levels of p-JNK and NF-κB in the nucleus increased significantly when the H9c2 cells were subjected to I/R injury, whereas NF-κB expression in the cytoplasm decreased in a time dependent manner. However, p-JNK, NF-κB and TRPC6 protein expression, the [Ca2+]i level and cell apoptosis decreased when the H9c2 cells were pre-treated with DSS or SP600125. Therefore, our data suggest that DSS prevents myocardial I/R injury by inhibiting p-JNK activation and NF-κB translocation, which potentially upregulate TRPC6 expression, increase the [Ca2+]i level, and result in the apoptosis of H9c2 cells.

AB - Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) plays an important role in myocardial injury. In the present study, we aimed to examine the protective effects of Danshensu (DSS) against I/R injury and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. For this purpose, H9c2 cells were cultured in hypoxic solution in a hypoxic incubator for 2 h, and then cultured in a high oxygen incubator for various periods of time and pre-treated with or without DSS, ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) or SP600125 [a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor]. Cell apoptosis and cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) levels were analyzed by flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of JNK, phosphorylated (p-)JNK, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily C, member 6 (TRPC6) were measured by western blot analysis. The mRNA expression levels of JNK were measured by RT-qPCR. The results revealed that TRPC6 protein expression, the cell apoptotic rate and the [Ca2+]i levels increased in a time-dependent manner in the H9c2 cells following the induction of I/R injury. The apoptotic rate and TRPC6 protein expression decreased when the cells were treated with DSS prior to the induction of I/R injury. The knockdown of JNK expression by siRNA decreased the p-JNK and TRPC6 protein expression levels in the H9c2 cells subjected to I/R injury. The protein expression levels of p-JNK and NF-κB in the nucleus increased significantly when the H9c2 cells were subjected to I/R injury, whereas NF-κB expression in the cytoplasm decreased in a time dependent manner. However, p-JNK, NF-κB and TRPC6 protein expression, the [Ca2+]i level and cell apoptosis decreased when the H9c2 cells were pre-treated with DSS or SP600125. Therefore, our data suggest that DSS prevents myocardial I/R injury by inhibiting p-JNK activation and NF-κB translocation, which potentially upregulate TRPC6 expression, increase the [Ca2+]i level, and result in the apoptosis of H9c2 cells.

KW - Calcium overload

KW - Danshensu

KW - H9c2 cells

KW - Ischemia/reperfusion

KW - Member 6

KW - Subfamily C

KW - Transient receptor potential cation

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U2 - 10.3892/ijmm.2015.2419

DO - 10.3892/ijmm.2015.2419

M3 - Article

C2 - 26718129

AN - SCOPUS:84948770389

VL - 37

SP - 258

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JO - International Journal of Molecular Medicine

JF - International Journal of Molecular Medicine

SN - 1107-3756

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