Correlation of Lipid Profile and Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in 10-14 Year Old Children

Nusrath M. Habiba, Kimberly G. Fulda, Riyaz Basha, Deep Shah, Shane Fernando, Bao Nguyen, Yi Xiong, Susan F. Franks, Sarah J. Matches, Richard D. Magie, W. Paul Bowman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background/Aims: The role of lipid profile in predicting the risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in children is not clearly established. Our aim is to screen non-diabetic children aged 10-14 years for risk of developing T2DM and evaluate the association of abnormal lipids and socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: Data on race/ethnicity, family history, body mass index percentile, blood pressure and presence of neck pigmentation (acanthosis nigricans) were collected from 149 non-diabetic children. Using these factors, children were classified into low risk (<3 risk factors) and high risk (≥3 risk factors) groups. Logistic regression model and chi-square tests were used to evaluate the association of blood lipid profile and demographic variables. Independent t-test was used to compare the ratio of Total Cholesterol (TC) and High Density Lipids (HDL) with T2DM risk. Results: 60% of children were at high risk for developing T2DM. HDL (p<0.001), triglycerides (p=0.02) and TC/HDL ratio (p<.001) were significantly abnormal in high risk group. Low SES showed a marginal association with high risk group. There were no gender or age differences between high and low risk groups. Conclusions: The significant determinants associated with high risk group were modifiable factors providing an opportunity for early intervention and prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1695-1704
Number of pages10
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016


  • Children
  • Lipid profiles
  • Obesity
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus


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