Correlates of long-term physical activity adherence in women

Haichun Sun, Cheryl A. Vamos, Sara S.B. Flory, Rita DeBate, Erika Lynne Thompson, Jennifer Bleck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background Little is known about the factors that may influence women's adherence to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) using longitudinal data. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of long-term physical activity (PA) participation among women. Methods Female data from Waves I, III, and IV (n = 5381) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were used for the analysis. The outcome of PA adherence was operationalized as (1) consistently physically active (at least 5 instances during the week) in both Waves III and IV (during adulthood), and (2) consistently not physically active or only physically active in either Wave III or IV. Predictor variables from Wave I (during adolescence) included race/ethnicity, PA level, self-perception of being physically fit, general health status, attempt to change weight, parents’ income level, parents’ education, well-being, depression, access to PA resources, days of physical education (PE), and grade level. Crude and adjusted logistic regression models were utilized to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) for the outcome variable. Results PA levels during adolescence significantly predicted PA adherence (aOR = 1.67, 95%CI: 1.35–2.05). Additionally, wanting to lose weight (aOR = 1.49, 95%CI: 1.20–1.85), using fitness center in the neighborhood (aOR = 1.29, 95%CI: 1.05–1.58), and having 5 days of PE a week (aOR = 1.48, 95%CI: 1.09–2.02) were significant predictors. Women who did not perceive being physically fit (aOR = 0.65, 95%CI: 0.44–0.95) and Black, non-Hispanics (aOR = 0.60, 95%CI: 0.44–0.82) were less likely to adhere to PA. Conclusion The findings suggested that physically active adolescents were more likely to become active adults. Future research should address interventions (e.g., PE program, community resources) that may promote lifetime PA in women, with the goal of decreasing morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-442
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sport and Health Science
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

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Exercise
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Physical Education and Training
Fitness Centers
Parents
Logistic Models
Weights and Measures
Self Concept
Health Status
Longitudinal Studies
Depression
Morbidity
Education
Mortality
Health

Keywords

  • Females
  • Longitudinal
  • Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  • Social ecological frameworks

Cite this

Sun, Haichun ; Vamos, Cheryl A. ; Flory, Sara S.B. ; DeBate, Rita ; Thompson, Erika Lynne ; Bleck, Jennifer. / Correlates of long-term physical activity adherence in women. In: Journal of Sport and Health Science. 2017 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 434-442.
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title = "Correlates of long-term physical activity adherence in women",
abstract = "Background Little is known about the factors that may influence women's adherence to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) using longitudinal data. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of long-term physical activity (PA) participation among women. Methods Female data from Waves I, III, and IV (n = 5381) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were used for the analysis. The outcome of PA adherence was operationalized as (1) consistently physically active (at least 5 instances during the week) in both Waves III and IV (during adulthood), and (2) consistently not physically active or only physically active in either Wave III or IV. Predictor variables from Wave I (during adolescence) included race/ethnicity, PA level, self-perception of being physically fit, general health status, attempt to change weight, parents’ income level, parents’ education, well-being, depression, access to PA resources, days of physical education (PE), and grade level. Crude and adjusted logistic regression models were utilized to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95{\%} confidence interval (95{\%}CI) for the outcome variable. Results PA levels during adolescence significantly predicted PA adherence (aOR = 1.67, 95{\%}CI: 1.35–2.05). Additionally, wanting to lose weight (aOR = 1.49, 95{\%}CI: 1.20–1.85), using fitness center in the neighborhood (aOR = 1.29, 95{\%}CI: 1.05–1.58), and having 5 days of PE a week (aOR = 1.48, 95{\%}CI: 1.09–2.02) were significant predictors. Women who did not perceive being physically fit (aOR = 0.65, 95{\%}CI: 0.44–0.95) and Black, non-Hispanics (aOR = 0.60, 95{\%}CI: 0.44–0.82) were less likely to adhere to PA. Conclusion The findings suggested that physically active adolescents were more likely to become active adults. Future research should address interventions (e.g., PE program, community resources) that may promote lifetime PA in women, with the goal of decreasing morbidity and mortality.",
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Correlates of long-term physical activity adherence in women. / Sun, Haichun; Vamos, Cheryl A.; Flory, Sara S.B.; DeBate, Rita; Thompson, Erika Lynne; Bleck, Jennifer.

In: Journal of Sport and Health Science, Vol. 6, No. 4, 01.12.2017, p. 434-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlates of long-term physical activity adherence in women

AU - Sun, Haichun

AU - Vamos, Cheryl A.

AU - Flory, Sara S.B.

AU - DeBate, Rita

AU - Thompson, Erika Lynne

AU - Bleck, Jennifer

PY - 2017/12/1

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N2 - Background Little is known about the factors that may influence women's adherence to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) using longitudinal data. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of long-term physical activity (PA) participation among women. Methods Female data from Waves I, III, and IV (n = 5381) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were used for the analysis. The outcome of PA adherence was operationalized as (1) consistently physically active (at least 5 instances during the week) in both Waves III and IV (during adulthood), and (2) consistently not physically active or only physically active in either Wave III or IV. Predictor variables from Wave I (during adolescence) included race/ethnicity, PA level, self-perception of being physically fit, general health status, attempt to change weight, parents’ income level, parents’ education, well-being, depression, access to PA resources, days of physical education (PE), and grade level. Crude and adjusted logistic regression models were utilized to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) for the outcome variable. Results PA levels during adolescence significantly predicted PA adherence (aOR = 1.67, 95%CI: 1.35–2.05). Additionally, wanting to lose weight (aOR = 1.49, 95%CI: 1.20–1.85), using fitness center in the neighborhood (aOR = 1.29, 95%CI: 1.05–1.58), and having 5 days of PE a week (aOR = 1.48, 95%CI: 1.09–2.02) were significant predictors. Women who did not perceive being physically fit (aOR = 0.65, 95%CI: 0.44–0.95) and Black, non-Hispanics (aOR = 0.60, 95%CI: 0.44–0.82) were less likely to adhere to PA. Conclusion The findings suggested that physically active adolescents were more likely to become active adults. Future research should address interventions (e.g., PE program, community resources) that may promote lifetime PA in women, with the goal of decreasing morbidity and mortality.

AB - Background Little is known about the factors that may influence women's adherence to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) using longitudinal data. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of long-term physical activity (PA) participation among women. Methods Female data from Waves I, III, and IV (n = 5381) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were used for the analysis. The outcome of PA adherence was operationalized as (1) consistently physically active (at least 5 instances during the week) in both Waves III and IV (during adulthood), and (2) consistently not physically active or only physically active in either Wave III or IV. Predictor variables from Wave I (during adolescence) included race/ethnicity, PA level, self-perception of being physically fit, general health status, attempt to change weight, parents’ income level, parents’ education, well-being, depression, access to PA resources, days of physical education (PE), and grade level. Crude and adjusted logistic regression models were utilized to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) for the outcome variable. Results PA levels during adolescence significantly predicted PA adherence (aOR = 1.67, 95%CI: 1.35–2.05). Additionally, wanting to lose weight (aOR = 1.49, 95%CI: 1.20–1.85), using fitness center in the neighborhood (aOR = 1.29, 95%CI: 1.05–1.58), and having 5 days of PE a week (aOR = 1.48, 95%CI: 1.09–2.02) were significant predictors. Women who did not perceive being physically fit (aOR = 0.65, 95%CI: 0.44–0.95) and Black, non-Hispanics (aOR = 0.60, 95%CI: 0.44–0.82) were less likely to adhere to PA. Conclusion The findings suggested that physically active adolescents were more likely to become active adults. Future research should address interventions (e.g., PE program, community resources) that may promote lifetime PA in women, with the goal of decreasing morbidity and mortality.

KW - Females

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