Coronary blood flow changes following activation of adrenergic receptors in the conscious dog

Patricia A. Gwirtz, H. L. Stone

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Abstract

The role of coronary vascular adrenergic receptors in changing coronary flow was studied in dogs instrumented to measure left circumflex artery blood flow (CBF), mean coronary artery blood pressure (CBP), and heart rate (HR). Norepinephrine (NE), isoproterenol (IP), and phenylephrine (PH) were injected into the left circumflex artery before and after selective intracoronary α- and β1- or combined β1- and β2-receptor blockade. NE, IP, and PH did not affect CBP (112 ± 6 mm Hg). In addition, IP and PH did not affect HR (103 ± 4 beats/min). NE increased HR to 150 ± 6 beats/min, which was eliminated by blocking β1-receptors with atenolol and by removing the left stellate ganglion. IP increased CBF from 65 ± 9 to 115 ± 16 ml/min (mediated by both β1 and β2-receptors). PH caused an α-receptor-mediated coronary vasoconstriction (42 ± 5 ml/min), which was potentiated by β1- and β2-receptor blockade. NE caused biphasic flow response. CBF initially increased to 117 ± 14 ml/min (mediated predominantly by β1-receptors) followed by a prolonged decrease to 54 ± 7 ml/min (mediated by α-receptors). Removing the left stellate ganglion did not affect the CBF response to NE. These data indicate that PH directly stimulates coronary α-receptors and IP stimulates myocardial β1- and coronary β2-receptors. NE also stimulates myocardial cells causing a reflex that increases HR and indirectly increases CBF. The vasoconstriction to NE and PH was not evident after pentobarbital anesthesia, whereas the coronary vasodilation and increase in HR to NE was still present.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume12
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1982

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Adrenergic Receptors
Norepinephrine
Phenylephrine
Dogs
Isoproterenol
Arteries
Heart Rate
Stellate Ganglion
Vasoconstriction
Coronary Vessels
Blood Pressure
Atenolol
Pentobarbital
Vasodilation
Blood Vessels
Reflex
Anesthesia

Cite this

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title = "Coronary blood flow changes following activation of adrenergic receptors in the conscious dog",
abstract = "The role of coronary vascular adrenergic receptors in changing coronary flow was studied in dogs instrumented to measure left circumflex artery blood flow (CBF), mean coronary artery blood pressure (CBP), and heart rate (HR). Norepinephrine (NE), isoproterenol (IP), and phenylephrine (PH) were injected into the left circumflex artery before and after selective intracoronary α- and β1- or combined β1- and β2-receptor blockade. NE, IP, and PH did not affect CBP (112 ± 6 mm Hg). In addition, IP and PH did not affect HR (103 ± 4 beats/min). NE increased HR to 150 ± 6 beats/min, which was eliminated by blocking β1-receptors with atenolol and by removing the left stellate ganglion. IP increased CBF from 65 ± 9 to 115 ± 16 ml/min (mediated by both β1 and β2-receptors). PH caused an α-receptor-mediated coronary vasoconstriction (42 ± 5 ml/min), which was potentiated by β1- and β2-receptor blockade. NE caused biphasic flow response. CBF initially increased to 117 ± 14 ml/min (mediated predominantly by β1-receptors) followed by a prolonged decrease to 54 ± 7 ml/min (mediated by α-receptors). Removing the left stellate ganglion did not affect the CBF response to NE. These data indicate that PH directly stimulates coronary α-receptors and IP stimulates myocardial β1- and coronary β2-receptors. NE also stimulates myocardial cells causing a reflex that increases HR and indirectly increases CBF. The vasoconstriction to NE and PH was not evident after pentobarbital anesthesia, whereas the coronary vasodilation and increase in HR to NE was still present.",
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N2 - The role of coronary vascular adrenergic receptors in changing coronary flow was studied in dogs instrumented to measure left circumflex artery blood flow (CBF), mean coronary artery blood pressure (CBP), and heart rate (HR). Norepinephrine (NE), isoproterenol (IP), and phenylephrine (PH) were injected into the left circumflex artery before and after selective intracoronary α- and β1- or combined β1- and β2-receptor blockade. NE, IP, and PH did not affect CBP (112 ± 6 mm Hg). In addition, IP and PH did not affect HR (103 ± 4 beats/min). NE increased HR to 150 ± 6 beats/min, which was eliminated by blocking β1-receptors with atenolol and by removing the left stellate ganglion. IP increased CBF from 65 ± 9 to 115 ± 16 ml/min (mediated by both β1 and β2-receptors). PH caused an α-receptor-mediated coronary vasoconstriction (42 ± 5 ml/min), which was potentiated by β1- and β2-receptor blockade. NE caused biphasic flow response. CBF initially increased to 117 ± 14 ml/min (mediated predominantly by β1-receptors) followed by a prolonged decrease to 54 ± 7 ml/min (mediated by α-receptors). Removing the left stellate ganglion did not affect the CBF response to NE. These data indicate that PH directly stimulates coronary α-receptors and IP stimulates myocardial β1- and coronary β2-receptors. NE also stimulates myocardial cells causing a reflex that increases HR and indirectly increases CBF. The vasoconstriction to NE and PH was not evident after pentobarbital anesthesia, whereas the coronary vasodilation and increase in HR to NE was still present.

AB - The role of coronary vascular adrenergic receptors in changing coronary flow was studied in dogs instrumented to measure left circumflex artery blood flow (CBF), mean coronary artery blood pressure (CBP), and heart rate (HR). Norepinephrine (NE), isoproterenol (IP), and phenylephrine (PH) were injected into the left circumflex artery before and after selective intracoronary α- and β1- or combined β1- and β2-receptor blockade. NE, IP, and PH did not affect CBP (112 ± 6 mm Hg). In addition, IP and PH did not affect HR (103 ± 4 beats/min). NE increased HR to 150 ± 6 beats/min, which was eliminated by blocking β1-receptors with atenolol and by removing the left stellate ganglion. IP increased CBF from 65 ± 9 to 115 ± 16 ml/min (mediated by both β1 and β2-receptors). PH caused an α-receptor-mediated coronary vasoconstriction (42 ± 5 ml/min), which was potentiated by β1- and β2-receptor blockade. NE caused biphasic flow response. CBF initially increased to 117 ± 14 ml/min (mediated predominantly by β1-receptors) followed by a prolonged decrease to 54 ± 7 ml/min (mediated by α-receptors). Removing the left stellate ganglion did not affect the CBF response to NE. These data indicate that PH directly stimulates coronary α-receptors and IP stimulates myocardial β1- and coronary β2-receptors. NE also stimulates myocardial cells causing a reflex that increases HR and indirectly increases CBF. The vasoconstriction to NE and PH was not evident after pentobarbital anesthesia, whereas the coronary vasodilation and increase in HR to NE was still present.

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