Constrictor prostanoids and uridine adenosine tetraphosphate: Vascular mediators and therapeutic targets in hypertension and diabetes

Takayuki Matsumoto, Styliani Goulopoulou, Kumiko Taguchi, Rita C. Tostes, Tsuneo Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vascular dysfunction plays a pivotal role in the development of systemic complications associated with arterial hypertension and diabetes. The endothelium, or more specifically, various factors derived from endothelial cells tightly regulate vascular function, including vascular tone. In physiological conditions, there is a balance between endothelium-derived factors, that is, relaxing factors (endothelium-derived relaxing factors; EDRFs) and contracting factors (endothelium-derived contracting factors; EDCFs), which mediate vascular homeostasis. However, in disease states, such as diabetes and arterial hypertension, there is an imbalance between EDRF and EDCF, with a reduction of EDRF signalling and an increase of EDCF signalling. Among EDCFs, COX-derived vasoconstrictor prostanoids play an important role in the development of vascular dysfunction associated with hypertension and diabetes. Moreover, uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up4A), identified as an EDCF in 2005, also modulates vascular function. However, the role of Up4A in hypertension- and diabetes-associated vascular dysfunction is unclear. In the present review, we focused on experimental and clinical evidence that implicate these two EDCFs (vasoconstrictor prostanoids and Up4A) in vascular dysfunction associated with hypertension and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3980-4001
Number of pages22
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume172
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015

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