Considerations in addressing the opioid epidemic and chronic pain within the USA

Blaine Marshall, Michelle K. Bland, Ryan Hulla, Robert Joseph Gatchel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This article reviews the complexities of the opioid epidemic, considering recent research involving the current state of the opioid epidemic; chronic pain and its role in the crisis; the properties of opioids and how they interact with human neurobiology; the effectiveness and risks of opioids as a treatment for chronic pain; opioid addiction and dependence; and pharmacological and psychological interventions for opioid addiction, opioid dependence, and chronic pain management. Opioid abuse can be reduced with the availability and access to treatment facilities for opioid detoxification; using interdisciplinary treatment models for chronic pain, opioid addiction and dependence; conducting more research in the areas of opioid addiction and opioid dependence; and shifting to an increase in nonpharmacological, less invasive treatments for pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalPain management
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Chronic Pain
Opioid Analgesics
Neurobiology
Pain Management
Therapeutics
Research
Pharmacology
Psychology
Pain

Keywords

  • chronic pain
  • opioid addiction
  • opioid dependence
  • opioids
  •  biopsychosocial

Cite this

Marshall, Blaine ; Bland, Michelle K. ; Hulla, Ryan ; Gatchel, Robert Joseph. / Considerations in addressing the opioid epidemic and chronic pain within the USA. In: Pain management. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 131-138.
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Considerations in addressing the opioid epidemic and chronic pain within the USA. / Marshall, Blaine; Bland, Michelle K.; Hulla, Ryan; Gatchel, Robert Joseph.

In: Pain management, Vol. 9, No. 2, 01.03.2019, p. 131-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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