Comparison of gait characteristics between older rolling walker users and older potential walker users

Hao Liu, Margaret McGee, Wen Wang, Mary Persson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in gait parameters between true walker users and potential walker users during ambulation. Subjects consisted of 18 rolling walker (RW) users (true user group, TUG) and 15 RW non-users (potential user group, PUG). The older adults in the PUG had a history of at least one fall in the last 12 months or a non-surgery hospitalization in the last 3 months. All subjects traversed the GAITRite® walkway using a RW appropriately adjusted for the subject's height until three successful trials were obtained. The PUG performed three additional trials walking on the GAITRite® walkway without RW assistance. Walking with a RW, the PUG users demonstrated decreased cadence, speed, swing time, step and stride length, and increased double support and stance time compared to walking without a RW. When comparing the TUG and PUG, both walking with a RW, the TUG subjects demonstrated decreased cadence, speed, swing time, step length and stride length, and increased double support and stance time. These results revealed that using a RW for ambulation might result in the user developing a gait pattern with a slower speed, smaller steps, increased stance time, and decreased swing time. The results seemed to indicate that this altered gait pattern may become more apparent the longer an individual uses a RW for ambulation assistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-280
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2009

Fingerprint

Gait
Walking
Group
assistance
Hospitalization
hospitalization
time

Keywords

  • Ambulation
  • Ambulatory device
  • Balance of elderly

Cite this

@article{cc61665688404df28daa93de5f8499dc,
title = "Comparison of gait characteristics between older rolling walker users and older potential walker users",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in gait parameters between true walker users and potential walker users during ambulation. Subjects consisted of 18 rolling walker (RW) users (true user group, TUG) and 15 RW non-users (potential user group, PUG). The older adults in the PUG had a history of at least one fall in the last 12 months or a non-surgery hospitalization in the last 3 months. All subjects traversed the GAITRite{\circledR} walkway using a RW appropriately adjusted for the subject's height until three successful trials were obtained. The PUG performed three additional trials walking on the GAITRite{\circledR} walkway without RW assistance. Walking with a RW, the PUG users demonstrated decreased cadence, speed, swing time, step and stride length, and increased double support and stance time compared to walking without a RW. When comparing the TUG and PUG, both walking with a RW, the TUG subjects demonstrated decreased cadence, speed, swing time, step length and stride length, and increased double support and stance time. These results revealed that using a RW for ambulation might result in the user developing a gait pattern with a slower speed, smaller steps, increased stance time, and decreased swing time. The results seemed to indicate that this altered gait pattern may become more apparent the longer an individual uses a RW for ambulation assistance.",
keywords = "Ambulation, Ambulatory device, Balance of elderly",
author = "Hao Liu and Margaret McGee and Wen Wang and Mary Persson",
year = "2009",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.archger.2008.02.004",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "276--280",
journal = "Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics",
issn = "0167-4943",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "3",

}

Comparison of gait characteristics between older rolling walker users and older potential walker users. / Liu, Hao; McGee, Margaret; Wang, Wen; Persson, Mary.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 48, No. 3, 01.05.2009, p. 276-280.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of gait characteristics between older rolling walker users and older potential walker users

AU - Liu, Hao

AU - McGee, Margaret

AU - Wang, Wen

AU - Persson, Mary

PY - 2009/5/1

Y1 - 2009/5/1

N2 - The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in gait parameters between true walker users and potential walker users during ambulation. Subjects consisted of 18 rolling walker (RW) users (true user group, TUG) and 15 RW non-users (potential user group, PUG). The older adults in the PUG had a history of at least one fall in the last 12 months or a non-surgery hospitalization in the last 3 months. All subjects traversed the GAITRite® walkway using a RW appropriately adjusted for the subject's height until three successful trials were obtained. The PUG performed three additional trials walking on the GAITRite® walkway without RW assistance. Walking with a RW, the PUG users demonstrated decreased cadence, speed, swing time, step and stride length, and increased double support and stance time compared to walking without a RW. When comparing the TUG and PUG, both walking with a RW, the TUG subjects demonstrated decreased cadence, speed, swing time, step length and stride length, and increased double support and stance time. These results revealed that using a RW for ambulation might result in the user developing a gait pattern with a slower speed, smaller steps, increased stance time, and decreased swing time. The results seemed to indicate that this altered gait pattern may become more apparent the longer an individual uses a RW for ambulation assistance.

AB - The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in gait parameters between true walker users and potential walker users during ambulation. Subjects consisted of 18 rolling walker (RW) users (true user group, TUG) and 15 RW non-users (potential user group, PUG). The older adults in the PUG had a history of at least one fall in the last 12 months or a non-surgery hospitalization in the last 3 months. All subjects traversed the GAITRite® walkway using a RW appropriately adjusted for the subject's height until three successful trials were obtained. The PUG performed three additional trials walking on the GAITRite® walkway without RW assistance. Walking with a RW, the PUG users demonstrated decreased cadence, speed, swing time, step and stride length, and increased double support and stance time compared to walking without a RW. When comparing the TUG and PUG, both walking with a RW, the TUG subjects demonstrated decreased cadence, speed, swing time, step length and stride length, and increased double support and stance time. These results revealed that using a RW for ambulation might result in the user developing a gait pattern with a slower speed, smaller steps, increased stance time, and decreased swing time. The results seemed to indicate that this altered gait pattern may become more apparent the longer an individual uses a RW for ambulation assistance.

KW - Ambulation

KW - Ambulatory device

KW - Balance of elderly

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=62949099587&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.archger.2008.02.004

DO - 10.1016/j.archger.2008.02.004

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 276

EP - 280

JO - Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

JF - Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

SN - 0167-4943

IS - 3

ER -