Comparison of DNA polymerases for improved forensic analysis of challenging samples

Martina Nilsson, Joakim Grånemo, Magdalena M. Buś, Mikael Havsjö, Marie Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Inhibitors of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification often present a challenge in forensic investigations of e.g., terrorism, missing persons, sexual assaults and other criminal cases. Such inhibitors may be counteracted by dilution of the DNA extract, using different additives, and selecting an inhibitory resistant DNA polymerase. Additionally, DNA in forensic samples is often present in limited amounts and degraded, requiring special analyses of short nuclear targets or mitochondrial DNA. The present study evaluated the enzymes AmpliTaq Gold, HotStarTaq Plus, KAPA3G Plant, and KAPA2G Robust, with regard to their ability to overcome inhibitory effects. Our data showed that diluting the extracts and adding bovine serum albumin may increase the yield of the PCR product. However, the largest impact was observed when alternative enzymes were utilized, instead of the commonly used AmpliTaq Gold. KAPA2G Robust presented the highest amplification efficiency in the presence of the inhibitor ammonium nitrate. Moreover, the KAPA3G Plant enzyme had the highest efficiency in amplifying degraded DNA from old buried bone material. KAPA3G Plant and KAPA2G Robust may thus be useful for counteracting inhibitors and improving the analysis of challenging samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-59
Number of pages5
JournalForensic Science International: Genetics
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2016


  • Degraded DNA
  • DNA polymerase
  • DNA typing
  • Forensic science
  • Inhibitors
  • mtDNA
  • Trace DNA


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of DNA polymerases for improved forensic analysis of challenging samples'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this