Comparison of chronic occupational upper extremity versus lumbar disorders for differential disability-related outcomes and predictor variables

Krista J. Howard, Tom G. Mayer, Robert J. Gatchel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To systematically evaluate if an interdisciplinary functional restoration program (FRP), shown to be a viable treatment option for patients with chronic disabling occupational lumbar disorders, is as effective in treating chronic disabling occupational upper extremity disorders. Methods: Participants were 2484 consecutive patients with either arm or lumbar disorders admitted to an FRP. Analyses compared demographic, psychosocial, and work-related factors, and 1-year post-rehabilitation socioeconomic outcomes. Results: Socioeconomic outcomes showed that work-return and work-retention rates after successful completion of the FRP did not differ between the two groups, or among the upper extremity subgroups. Conclusions: FRP is equally effective for patients with chronic upper extremity or lumbar spine disorders, regardless of the injury type, site in the upper extremity, or the disparity in injury-specific and psychosocial factors identified before treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1002-1009
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume54
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2012

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