Comparative Ability of the Pain Disability Questionnaire in Predicting Health Outcomes

Ben Lippe, Robert Joseph Gatchel, Carl Noe, Richard Robinson, Elizabeth Huber, Stephanie Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As chronic pain contributes to tremendous personal and societal costs, efforts at identifying and understanding pain-related disability via the biopsychosocial model have become increasingly important in addressing pain-related health outcomes. This study attempted to compare the predictive ability of the Pain Disability Questionnaire against other established measures in terms of health and pain-related outcomes. The sample consisted of 254 adult chronic pain patients seeking treatment through an interdisciplinary chronic pain management clinic. Participants were administered a battery of assessments including the Pain Disability Questionnaire and other established measures of health and pain-related outcomes (e.g., NIH PROMIS measures) at baseline and post-treatment time points. Results demonstrated convergent validity between the Pain Disability Questionnaire and the other study measures. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed significant associations between pain-related disability as measured by the Pain Disability Questionnaire and a range of biopsychosocial outcomes. Pain Disability Questionnaire scores, as placed in categorical severity levels, demonstrated good discriminative abilities in terms of predicting health-related factors. These findings support the clinical use of the Pain Disability Questionnaire as an empirically supported predictor of health-related outcomes as compared with other established measures of pain and health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-81
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016

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Aptitude
pain
disability
Pain
questionnaire
Health
ability
health
Chronic Pain
Surveys and Questionnaires
Pain Clinics
Pain Measurement
Pain Management
Regression Analysis

Cite this

Lippe, Ben ; Gatchel, Robert Joseph ; Noe, Carl ; Robinson, Richard ; Huber, Elizabeth ; Jones, Stephanie. / Comparative Ability of the Pain Disability Questionnaire in Predicting Health Outcomes. In: Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research. 2016 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 63-81.
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Comparative Ability of the Pain Disability Questionnaire in Predicting Health Outcomes. / Lippe, Ben; Gatchel, Robert Joseph; Noe, Carl; Robinson, Richard; Huber, Elizabeth; Jones, Stephanie.

In: Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, Vol. 21, No. 2, 01.06.2016, p. 63-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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