Cloning of human lymphocyte-specific interferon regulatory factor (hLSIRF/hIRF4) and mapping of the gene to 6p23-p25

Alex Grossman, Hans Willi Mittrücker, Jillian Nicholl, Akira Suzuki, Stephen Chung, Laarni Antonio, Sid Suggs, Grant R. Sutherland, David P. Siderovski, Tak W. Mak

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13 Scopus citations


The interferon regulatory factor (IRF) genes encode a family of transcription factors involved in the transcriptional regulation of interferon and the interferon stimulated genes through recognition of the interferon stimulated response element. We previously reported the cloning of a murine lymphocyte-specific IRF (mLSIRF), which was rapidly induced following B- or T-cell receptor crosslinking. To study the role of LSIRF in human lymphocyte development, we have cloned the complete 5.3-kb cDNA for the human homolog (hLSIRF). hLSIRF is a protein of 450 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 51.6 kDa and possesses 92% identity at the amino acid level to mLSIRF, including near identity in the DNA-binding domain. In Northern blot analysis, a single transcript of ~5 kb was highly expressed in spleen and peripheral blood lymphocyte. hLSIRF mRNA was rapidly induced in peripheral T cells after crosslinking the T-cell receptor. Analysis of tumor cell lines showed that hLSIRF mRNA was basally expressed in most B- but not T-cell lines. Surprisingly hLSIRF mRNA was also found in the melanoma line G361 and is expressed in normal melanocytes as well. Sequence from a genomic clone for hLSIRF was compared to that from mouse and revealed an identical exon-intron structure and a conserved PU.1-binding motif in the promoter. By FISH analysis, hLSIRF was mapped to 6p23-p25.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Oct 1996


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