Cholinergic modulation of aged-like retention deficits in young autoimmune mice

Michael J. Forster, Harbans Lal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Separate age groups of autoimmune NZB/BINJ and non-autoimmune C57BL/BNNia mice were compared for habituation of locomotor activity and its retention over four separate testing sessions spaced at 24-hr intervals. A decline in locomotion (distance in cm) or in the time spent in the center zone as a function of sessions was taken to indicate retention for habituation to stimuli within the test apparatus. The time spent in the center zone decreased as a function of sessions in young and mature C57BL/6NNia mice but failed to show reliable between-session decreases in old (24-26-months) C57BL/ 6NNia mice. When compared with the old C57BL/6NNia mice, young NZB/BINJ mice showed similar impairments. Habituation of locomotion was present in all age groups of C57BL/6NNia mice, but absent in NZB/BINJ mice regardless of age. The retention impairments of 2-4 month old NZB/BINJ mice were attenuated when i.p. injections of 0.04-0.16 mg physostigmine/kg were given just following each habituation session. The effectiveness of physostigmine was substantially reduced when injections were delayed by 20 min or longer following each habituation session. The time-dependent reversal of the aged-like retention deficits by the cholinesterase inhibitor, physostigmine, suggests that cholinergic modulation of memory storage processes may be impaired in NZB/BINJ mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-687
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • C57BL/6NNia
  • N2B/BINJ
  • habituation
  • locomotion
  • physostigmine

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