Children’s healthy eating habits and parents’ socio-demographic characteristics in rural Texas, USA

Xuewei Chen, Nafissatou Cisse-Egbuonye, Erica Charlot Spears, Rahma Mkuu, E. Lisako J. McKyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Due to the disproportionately high rates of obesity within the US Hispanic community, there is a critical need to address this health disparity issue. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between parents’ socio-demographic characteristics and their children’s food consumption. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Participants were recruited from schools in a predominately Hispanic rural area of Texas, USA. Method: Parents (n = 298) of fourth grade (9–10 years old) children completed the survey. The independent variables were parents’ socio-demographic characteristics (e.g. ethnicity and income). The outcome variable was a Healthy Eating Index that refleting children’s frequencies of food consumption measured as daily frequency of consumption for healthy foods (e.g. skimmed milk), less healthy foods (e.g. potato) and unhealthy foods (e.g. Coke). We performed multiple linear regression. Results: Regression analysis shows that 13.7% variance of children’s food consumption could be predicted by their parents’ gender, ethnicity, marital status, education and income (R2 =.137, p < 0.01). Parents’ ethnicity, education and income variables were strong predictors for children’s food consumption. Conclusion: Healthy eating can help reduce childhood obesity; however, we found children of US Hispanic parents ate less healthily. Culturally specific education programmes should be adopted for parents or families of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-457
Number of pages14
JournalHealth Education Journal
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

Feeding Behavior
Parents
Demography
Hispanic Americans
Food
Education
Coke
Pediatric Obesity
Marital Status
Solanum tuberosum
Healthy Diet
Linear Models
Milk
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Regression Analysis
Health

Keywords

  • Children
  • Hispanic/Latino health diet
  • healthy eating
  • parents
  • race/ethnicity

Cite this

Chen, Xuewei ; Cisse-Egbuonye, Nafissatou ; Spears, Erica Charlot ; Mkuu, Rahma ; McKyer, E. Lisako J. / Children’s healthy eating habits and parents’ socio-demographic characteristics in rural Texas, USA. In: Health Education Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 77, No. 4. pp. 444-457.
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Children’s healthy eating habits and parents’ socio-demographic characteristics in rural Texas, USA. / Chen, Xuewei; Cisse-Egbuonye, Nafissatou; Spears, Erica Charlot; Mkuu, Rahma; McKyer, E. Lisako J.

In: Health Education Journal, Vol. 77, No. 4, 01.06.2018, p. 444-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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