Characterization of a murine pressure ulcer model to assess efficacy of adipose-derived stromal cells

Amy L. Strong, Annie C. Bowles, Connor P. MacCrimmon, Stephen J. Lee, Trivia P. Frazier, Adam J. Katz, Barbara Gawronska-Kozak, Bruce A. Bunnell, Jeffrey M. Gimble

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: As the world's population lives longer, the number of individuals at risk for pressure ulcers will increase considerably in the coming decades. In developed countries, up to 18% of nursing home residents suffer from pressure ulcers and the resulting hospital costs can account for up to 4% of a nation's health care budget. Although full-thickness surgical skin wounds have been used as a model, preclinical rodent studies have demonstrated that repeated cycles of ischemia and reperfusion created by exposure to magnets most closely mimic the human pressure ulcer condition. Methods: This study uses in vivo and in vitro quantitative parameters to characterize the temporal kinetics and histology of pressure ulcers in young, female C57BL/6 mice exposed to 2 or 3 ischemia-reperfusion cycles. This pressure ulcer model was validated further in studies examining the efficacy of adipose-derived stromal/stem cell administration. Results: Optimal results were obtained with the 2-cycle model based on the wound size, histology, and gene expression profile of representative angiogenic and reparative messenger RNAs. When treated with adipose-derived stromal/stem cells, pressure ulcer wounds displayed a dose-dependent and significant acceleration in wound closure rates and improved tissue histology. Conclusion: These findings document the utility of this simplified preclinical model for the evaluation of novel tissue engineering and medical approaches to treat pressure ulcers in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere334
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

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    Strong, A. L., Bowles, A. C., MacCrimmon, C. P., Lee, S. J., Frazier, T. P., Katz, A. J., Gawronska-Kozak, B., Bunnell, B. A., & Gimble, J. M. (2015). Characterization of a murine pressure ulcer model to assess efficacy of adipose-derived stromal cells. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, 3(3), [e334]. https://doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000000260