Changes in plasma apo B, apo E, apo A-1, and apo A-IV concentrations in dogs consuming different atherogenic diets

George W. Melchior, Ladislav Dory, Paul S. Roheim

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Abstract

To define the relationship between apoprotein levels and plasma cholesterol concentration in dogs, we measured the cholesterol, apo B, apo E, apo A-IV, and apo A-1 levels in 6 dogs fed a synthetic diet (Diet I), and in 5 dogs fed dog chow supplemented with lard, cholesterol, bile salts, and propylthiouracil (Diet II). The diet-induced hypercholesterolemia exceeded 900 mg/dl in dogs fed Diet I and was accompanied by a 12-fold increase in apo B, a 30-fold increase in apo E, an 8-fold increase in apo A-IV, and a l2'-fold increase in apo A-1. By contrast, the hypercholesterolemia averaged 1300 mg/dl in dogs fed Diet II and was accompanied by a 12-fold increase in apo B, an 11-fold increase in apo E, a 3-fold increase in apo A-IV, and a 5-fold decrease in apo A-1 levels. When 3 of the Diet I dogs were switched to dog chow, their plasma cholesterol, apo B, and apo E levels dropped to 30% of their peak value within 7 days. The change in apo B and apo E levels was found to be highly correlated with the change in plasma cholesterol concentrations in each of the Diet I animals (r2 ranged from 0.92 to 0.99 for both apoproteins). A strong linear relationship was also observed between apo E and apo B (r2 ranged from 0.94 to 0.98), indicating that the plasma apo E to apo B ratio remained constant in these animals as the hypercholesterolemia progressed or regressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1984

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Keywords

  • Apo A-I
  • Apo A-IV
  • Apo B
  • Apo E
  • Hypercholesterolemia

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