We used cDNA microarray gene expression profiling to characterize the transcriptional response to exposure of cultured mouse cerebral cortical neurons to hypoxia for 24 hr. Of 11,200 genes examined, 1,405 (12.5%) were induced or repressed at least 1.5-fold, whereas 26 known genes were induced and 20 known genes were repressed at least 2.5-fold. The most strongly induced genes included genes coding for endoplasmic reticulum proteins (Ero1L/Giig11, Sac1p, Ddit3/Gadd153), proteins involved in ubiquitination (Arih2, P4hb), proteins induced by hypoxia in non-neuronal systems (Gpi1, Aldo1, Anxa2, Hig1), and proteins that might promote cell death (Gas5, Egr1, Ndr1, Vdac2). These findings reinforce the importance of endoplasmic reticulum-based mechanisms and of protein-ubiquitination pathways in the neuronal response to hypoxia.
- Endoplasmic reticulum
- Hypoxia-inducible factor-1