PURPOSE. Nitric oxide (NO) donors and cholinergic agents decrease intraocular pressure, in part because they induce a decrease in aqueous humor production. Because Na,K-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) is involved in aqueous humor formation, this study was conducted to investigate the hypothesis that NO and cholinomimetics regulate its activity in bovine ciliary processes. METHODS. Bovine tissue slices were incubated with agonists and antagonists in a physiological buffer in vitro. Na,K-ATPase activity was determined by assaying hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in suspended permeabilized tissue slices. RESULTS. Carbachol-induced inhibition of Na,K-ATPase activity correlated with increases in cGMP. This inhibition was abolished by the muscarinic blocker atropine, the NO inhibitor Nw-nitro-L-arginine (L-NAME) and the soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ). Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) mimicked the actions of carbachol. The SNP-induced decrease in Na,K-ATPase activity correlated with an increase in cGMP and was also abolished by ODQ. Both 8-bromo (Br)-cGMP and okadaic acid also inhibited Na,K-ATPase activity. CONCLUSIONS. Carbachol-induced inhibition of Na,K-ATPase activity involves muscarinic receptor activation. That SNP mimics and L-NAME reverses carbachol's effect on Na,K-ATPase activity suggests that the actions of carbachol are mediated by NO. Carbachol's and SNP's effects on Na,K-ATPase activity involved soluble guanylate cyclase and cGMP. Inhibition of Na,K-ATPase activity by 8-Br-cGMP and okadaic acid indicates that protein phosphorylation events may mediate SNP-induced inhibition of Na,K-ATPase activity.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science|
|State||Published - 2001|