C1-CBP-vancomycin: Impact of a Vancomycin C-Terminus Trimethylammonium Cation on Pharmacological Properties and Insights into Its Newly Introduced Mechanism of Action

Zhi Chen Wu, Nicholas A. Isley, Akinori Okano, William J. Weiss, Dale L. Boger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

C1-CBP-vancomycin (3) was examined alongside CBP-vancomycin for susceptibility to acquired resistance upon serial exposure against two vancomycin-resistant enterococci strains where its activity proved more durable and remarkably better than many current therapies. Combined with earlier studies, this observation confirmed an added mechanism of action was introduced by incorporation of the trimethylammonium cation and that C1-CBP-vancomycin exhibits activity against vancomycin-resistant organisms through two synergistic mechanisms of action, both independent of d-Ala-d-Ala/d-Lac binding. New insights into this added mechanism of action, induced cell membrane permeabilization, can be inferred from studies that show added exogenous lipoteichoic acid reduces antimicrobial activity, rescues bacteria cell growth inhibition, and blocks induced cell permeabilization properties of C1-CBP-vancomycin, suggesting a direct binding interaction with embedded teichoic acid is responsible for the added mechanism of action and enhanced antimicrobial activity. Further studies indicate that the trimethylammonium cation does not introduce new liabilities in common pharmacological properties of the analogue and established that 3 is well tolerated in mice, displays substantial PK improvements over both vancomycin and CBP-vancomycin, and exhibits in vivo efficacy against a challenging multidrug-resistant and vancomycin-resistant S. aureus strain that is representative of the resistant pathogens all fear will emerge in the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1375
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Feb 2020

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