Bioengineering systems for modulating notch signaling in cardiovascular development, disease, and regeneration

Angello Huerta Gomez, Sanika Joshi, Yong Yang, Johnathan D. Tune, Ming Tao Zhao, Huaxiao Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The Notch intercellular signaling pathways play significant roles in cardiovascular development, disease, and regeneration through modulating cardiovascular cell specification, proliferation, differentiation, and morphogenesis. The dysregulation of Notch signaling leads to malfunction and maldevelopment of the cardiovascular system. Currently, most findings on Notch signaling rely on animal models and a few clinical studies, which significantly bottleneck the understanding of Notch signaling-associated human cardiovascular development and disease. Recent advances in the bioengineering systems and human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiovascular cells pave the way to decipher the role of Notch signaling in cardiovascular-related cells (endothelial cells, cardiomyocytes, smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, and immune cells), and intercellular crosstalk in the physiological, pathological, and regenerative context of the complex human cardiovascular system. In this review, we first summarize the significant roles of Notch signaling in individual cardiac cell types. We then cover the bioengineering systems of microfluidics, hydrogel, spheroid, and 3D bioprinting, which are currently being used for modeling and studying Notch signaling in the cardiovascular system. At last, we provide insights into ancillary supports of bioengineering systems, varied types of cardiovascular cells, and advanced characterization approaches in further refining Notch signaling in cardiovascular development, disease, and regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • 3D bioprinting
  • Bioengineering
  • Cardiovascular cells
  • Hydrogel
  • Microfluidics
  • Notch signaling
  • Organoid
  • Single-cell omics
  • Spheroid

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