Bio-composites of Sesbania herbacea plant fibers/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA): Effect of chemical retting

Shailesh Vidhate, Kevin Stevens, Brian Ayre, Michael Allen, Nandika D'Souza

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The natural cellulose fibers used in this study with properties suitable for polymer composite application were obtained from sesbania herbacea plant stem by chemical retting method. The objective of this work is to study the effect of retting method on morphology and mechanical properties of the sesbania fibers and its composites with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). The retting was done by using different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solutions. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the morphology and thermo mechanical testing was done to study the effect of NaOH treatment on the properties of fibers and its composites with PVA.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011
Pages188-192
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 22 Aug 2011
Event69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: 1 May 20115 May 2011

Publication series

NameAnnual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings
Volume1

Other

Other69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period1/05/115/05/11

Fingerprint

Polyvinyl Alcohol
Polyvinyl alcohols
Fibers
Composite materials
Sodium Hydroxide
Mechanical testing
Cellulose
Polymers
Sodium
Mechanical properties
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Biocomposite
  • Biofiber
  • Retting effects
  • Sesbania

Cite this

Vidhate, S., Stevens, K., Ayre, B., Allen, M., & D'Souza, N. (2011). Bio-composites of Sesbania herbacea plant fibers/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA): Effect of chemical retting. In 69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011 (pp. 188-192). (Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1).
Vidhate, Shailesh ; Stevens, Kevin ; Ayre, Brian ; Allen, Michael ; D'Souza, Nandika. / Bio-composites of Sesbania herbacea plant fibers/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) : Effect of chemical retting. 69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011. 2011. pp. 188-192 (Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "The natural cellulose fibers used in this study with properties suitable for polymer composite application were obtained from sesbania herbacea plant stem by chemical retting method. The objective of this work is to study the effect of retting method on morphology and mechanical properties of the sesbania fibers and its composites with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). The retting was done by using different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solutions. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the morphology and thermo mechanical testing was done to study the effect of NaOH treatment on the properties of fibers and its composites with PVA.",
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Vidhate, S, Stevens, K, Ayre, B, Allen, M & D'Souza, N 2011, Bio-composites of Sesbania herbacea plant fibers/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA): Effect of chemical retting. in 69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011. Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings, vol. 1, pp. 188-192, 69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011, Boston, MA, United States, 1/05/11.

Bio-composites of Sesbania herbacea plant fibers/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) : Effect of chemical retting. / Vidhate, Shailesh; Stevens, Kevin; Ayre, Brian; Allen, Michael; D'Souza, Nandika.

69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011. 2011. p. 188-192 (Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - The natural cellulose fibers used in this study with properties suitable for polymer composite application were obtained from sesbania herbacea plant stem by chemical retting method. The objective of this work is to study the effect of retting method on morphology and mechanical properties of the sesbania fibers and its composites with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). The retting was done by using different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solutions. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the morphology and thermo mechanical testing was done to study the effect of NaOH treatment on the properties of fibers and its composites with PVA.

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Vidhate S, Stevens K, Ayre B, Allen M, D'Souza N. Bio-composites of Sesbania herbacea plant fibers/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA): Effect of chemical retting. In 69th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2011, ANTEC 2011. 2011. p. 188-192. (Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings).