Behavioral and biochemical effects of job loss and unemployment stress

Raymond Fleming, Andrew Baum, Diane Reddy, Robert J. Gatchel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Previous research on the effects of unemployment has focused upon both anticipation of job loss and long-term unemployment, typically using self-report and some biochemical measures of response to unemployment stress. The present study was concerned with behavioral and biochemical responses to unemployment. It was also designed to examine a somewhat different time course of unemployment than has been used in previous work. Results indicated that stress accompanies unemployment; looking at people who had been unemployed for up to four months, those who had been unemployed for greater lengths of time performed more poorly on a behavioral task and exhibited higher levels of urinary norepinephrine and epinephrine than did persons unemployed for shorter time periods or subjects who were employed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Human Stress
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1984


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