Previous studies suggest that cholinergic neurons in the diagonal band of Broca (DBB) participate in the baroreceptor-mediated inhibition of phasic vasopressin neurons in the supraoptic nucleus (SON). To test this hypothesis, extracellular recordings were obtained from putative vasopressin SON neurons of anesthetized rats injected with the cholinergic immunotoxin 192 IgG-saporin (0.8 μg/μl) in the DBB. Baroreceptor sensitivity of neurons was tested with brief phenylephrine-induced (10 μg/10 μl iv) increases in blood pressure of at least 40 mmHg. In rats injected with vehicle or unconjugated saporin, 19 of 21 and 18 of 20 phasic neurons, respectively, were inhibited by increased blood pressure. In rats injected with 192 IgG-saporin, which significantly reduced the number of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-positive DBB neurons, 33 of 36 phasic neurons were inhibited. Normal rats and rats with DBB saporin injections received rhodamine bead injections into the perinuclear zone (PNZ) to retrogradely label DBB neurons, and their brains were stained for ChAT. ChAT-positive DBB neurons were not retrogradely labeled from the PNZ. Together, these results indicate that the pathway relaying baroreceptor information to the SON involves noncholinergic DBB neurons.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Issue number||5 48-5|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Dec 2000|
- Arterial baroreceptors
- Perinuclear zone
- Supraoptic nucleus