Autosomal STR and SNP characterization of populations from the Northeastern Peruvian Andes with the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit

Evelyn K. Guevara, Jukka U. Palo, Jonathan L. King, Magdalena M. Buś, Sonia Guillén, Bruce Budowle, Antti Sajantila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Autosomal DNA data from Peru for human identity testing purposes are scarce in the scientific literature, which hinders obtaining an appropriate portrait of the genetic variation of the resident populations. In this study we genetically characterize five populations from the Northeastern Peruvian Andes (Chachapoyas, Awajún, Wampís, Huancas and Cajamarca). Autosomal short tandem repeat (aSTR) and identity informative single nucleotide polymorphism (iiSNP) data from a total of 233 unrelated individuals are provided, and forensic genetic parameters are calculated for each population and for the combined set Northeastern Peruvian Andes. After correction for multiple testing in the whole dataset of the Northeastern Peruvian Andes, the only departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed in locus rs2111980. Twenty one out of 27 aSTR loci exhibited an increased number of alleles due to sequence variation in the repeat motif and flanking regions. For iiSNPs 33% of the loci displayed flanking region variation. The combined random match probability (RMP), assuming independence of all loci (aSTRs and iiSNPs), in the Chachapoyas, the population with the largest samples size (N = 172), was 8.14 × 10-62 for length-based data while for sequence-based was 4.15 × 10-67. In the merged dataset (Northeastern Peruvian Andes; N = 233), the combined RMP when including all markers were 2.96 × 10-61 (length-based) and 3.21 × 10-66 (sequence-based). These new data help to fill up some of the gaps in the genetic canvas of South America and provide essential length- and sequence-based background information for other forensic genetic studies in Peru.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102487
JournalForensic Science International: Genetics
Volume52
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Autosomal SNPs
  • Autosomal STRs
  • Forenseq™ Signature Prep Kit
  • Northeastern Peru

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Autosomal STR and SNP characterization of populations from the Northeastern Peruvian Andes with the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this