Assessing a traditional case-based application exercise and a student question creation exercise on student performance and perceptions

Amulya Tatachar, Carol Kominski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and purpose To compare the impact of a traditional case-based application exercise with a student question creation exercise on a) student exam performance, b) student perceptions of enjoyment, competence, understanding, effort, interest in continuing participation, and interest in the subject. Educational activity and setting Subjects were 84 second-year pharmacy students in a pharmacotherapy course. The research focus was active learning involving the topic of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder. Student teams were randomly assigned to either case-based or student question creation exercises using PeerWise. Student performance was assessed by a pre- and posttest and on block and final exams. After completion, an online survey assessed student perceptions of both exercises. Findings Statistically significant differences were revealed in favor of the student question creation group on enjoyment and interest in the subject matter. No statistically differences were found between the traditional case-based group and the student question creation group on gain score from pre-test to posttest. The student question creation group performed slightly better than the case-based application group on two of the five questions on the block exam but none of these differences reached statistical significance. Discussion and conclusions Students randomly assigned to groups that created and reviewed questions exhibited slightly improved summative exam performance and reported significantly more positive perceptions than students engaging in a more traditional case-based learning activity. Student question creation has demonstrated potential as a useful learning activity. Despite inherent difficulties in designing studies involving educational research in a controlled environment, students who have submitted, created, rated, and answered peers’ questions have overall performed well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-697
Number of pages9
JournalCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Active learning
  • Student perceptions
  • Student performance
  • Student question creation

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