Background: The aim was to examine the link between low-level arsenic exposure and cognitive functioning, and the potential role of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP A35991G, rs10748835) of the AS3MT gene in modifying this link. Methods: Data were analyzed on 526 participants from Project FRONTIER. Hierarchical linear regressions were created with neuropsychological raw index scores as the outcome variable and arsenic exposure and AS3MT SNP as different predictor variables. Results: Within the total sample, arsenic exposure was negatively associated with language (p∈<∈0.001) and executive functioning (p∈<∈0.001). Among those with the AA genotype of the AS3MT gene, arsenic levels were negatively associated with language (p∈<∈0.001), attention (p∈=∈0.01), and executive functioning (p∈=∈0.04). Among those with the AG genotype, arsenic levels were positively associated with immediate (p∈=∈0.04) and delayed memory (p∈<∈0.001) and negatively associated with executive functioning (p∈=∈0.03). Among those with the GG genotype, arsenic levels were negatively associated with visuospatial functioning (p∈=∈0.02). Conclusions: Low-level arsenic exposure is associated with cognitive functioning; however, this association is modified by an AS3MT gene.
|Journal||Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source|
|State||Published - 12 Mar 2014|