Antioxidative and hypoglycemic effect of ta-ermi extracts on streptozotocin-induced diabetes

Siqun Jing, Zhengmei Zhao, Jinzi Wu, Liang Jun Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to reveal the potential positive effect of the Ta-ermi extracts on oxidative stress and streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic mice and rats treated with Ta-ermi water-and alcohol-extracts. Methods: The study was carried out using three experimental model: 1) in vitro experiments whereby Ta-ermi extracts were incubated with free radical generators such as 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH) and 2,2ʹ-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) to evaluate Ta-ermi’s antioxidant effects; 2) testing the hypoglycemic effects of Ta-ermi extracts in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice; and 3) testing the beneficial effects of Ta-ermi extracts on mitochondrial complex I function using STZ-diabetic rats. Results: In vitro antioxidant experiments showed that both of the extracts could scavenge free radicals and exhibited inhibitory effects on glucosidase and aldose reductase with differential effects between water extract and alcohol extract. In the STZ mouse diabetic model, both the water-and alcohol-extracts attenuated body weight decrease, decreased blood glucose levels in a concentration-dependent manner, improved insulin sensitivity, and increased oral glucose tolerance ability. In the STZ-diabetic rat model, both the water-and alcohol-extracts were found to be able to lower blood glucose levels in the diabetic animals with no effects on body weight changes. Moreover, in the STZ-diabetic rats, both the water-and alcohol-extracts of Ta-ermi could inhibit the increase of mitochondrial NADH/ ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) activity in the pancreas and enhanced complex I activity in the liver but showed no effect on lung or kidney mitochondrial complex I. Discussion: The present study points to the potential medicinal value of Ta-ermi’s water and alcohol extracts in lowering blood glucose and decreasing diabetic oxidative stress. One limitation of our study is that the compound or compounds that actually have this beneficial effect in the extracts remain unknown at this time. Therefore, the future studies should be focused on the identification of the components in the extracts that exhibit anti-oxidative and hypoglycemic effects. Conclusion: Taken together, our studies using different experimental paradigms indicate that Ta-ermi extracts possess antioxidant and anti-diabetic properties and may be employed as functional food ingredients for the remission of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2147-2155
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Anti-diabetic
  • Antioxidant activity
  • Mitochondrial complex I
  • Streptozotocin
  • Ta-ermi extracts

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