Anisotropy decays of indole, melittin monomer and melittin tetramer by frequency-domain fluorometry and multi-wavelength global analysis

Joseph R. Lakowicz, Ignacy Gryczynski, Henryk Cherek, Gabor Laczko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used frequency-domain fluorescence spectroscopy to measure the fluorescence lifetime and anisotropy decays of indole in propylene glycol, and of the tryptophan emission of melittin monomer and tetramer in water solutions at 5 °C. We obtained an increase in resolution of the anisotropy decays by using multiple excitation wavelengths, chosen to provide a range of fundamental anisotropy values. The multi-excitation wavelength anisotropy decays were analyzed globally to recover a single set of correlation times with wavelength-dependent anisotropy amplitudes. Simulated data and κ{script}R2 surfaces are shown to reveal the effect of multi-wavelength data on the resolution of complex anisotropy decays. For both indole and melittin, the anisotropy decays are heterogeneous and require two correlation times to fit the frequency-domain data. For indole in propylene glycol at 5°C we recovered correlation times of 0.59 and 4.10 ns, which appear to be characteristic of the rigid and asymmetric indole molecule. For melittin monomer the correlation times were 0.13 and 1.75 ns, and for melittin tetramer 0.12 and 3.96 ns. The shorter and longer correlation times of melittin are due to segmental motions and overall rotational diffusion of the polypeptide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-251
Number of pages11
JournalBiophysical Chemistry
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1991

Keywords

  • Anisotropy decay
  • Frequency-domain flourometry
  • Indole
  • Melittin
  • Multi-wavelength global analysis
  • Rotational diffusion

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