An optimized protocol for forensic application of the PreCR™ Repair Mix to multiplex STR amplification of UV-damaged DNA

Toni M. Diegoli, Matthew Farr, Carter Cromartie, Michael Dewitt Coble, Todd W. Bille

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Damage to the DNA molecule can occur through exposure to environmental conditions such as ultraviolet light, heat and humidity. Forensic samples are particularly prone to such damage due to their prolonged exposure after deposition at crime scenes or mass disasters. Current methods for typing such samples rely heavily on the intact DNA template, and can be adversely affected by damage that is present. Proposed solutions center around increased access to the smaller remaining fragments and/or increased sensitivity. However, all rely on the polymerase chain reaction to copy the starting material; the required polymerase can be impeded by certain types of damage such as dimer-formation after ultraviolet light exposure, resulting in stochastic effects that can complicate interpretation. In vitro repair of such damage offers the ability to generate high quality profiles using traditional methods without changes to the current amplification reagents or conditions. Typically, repair reactions required large quantities of starting material and a separate repair reaction. Forensic samples, however, usually consist of small quantities, and quality control measures necessitate laboratory procedures that minimize sample manipulation. Here, an optimized protocol for forensic application of the PreCR™ Repair Mix to current typing methods is demonstrated for samples damaged by ultraviolet light exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-503
Number of pages6
JournalForensic Science International: Genetics
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2012

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • DNA repair
  • PreCR™ Repair Mix
  • UV-damage

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