An Examination of the Relative Associations of Prototype Favorability, Similarity, and Their Interaction With Alcohol and Alcohol-Related Risky Sexual Cognitions and Behavior

Dana Michelle Litt, Melissa Ardelle Lewis, Anne M. Fairlie, Maya K. Head-Corliss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Prototypes are defined as the image a person holds of the typical person who engages in risk behavior and are comprised of favorability toward the prototype and similarity to the prototype. Despite both being posited as important prototype dimensions, the findings regarding their predictive utility are mixed, and most research has focused on alcohol use and not other related risk behaviors. Thus, the present study examined whether both prototype dimensions (prototype favorability, prototype similarity) as well as their interaction predicted alcohol and alcohol-related sexual cognitions and behavior. Results from 294 emerging adults indicated that prototype similarity (but not prototype favorability or their interaction) predicted both behavioral and cognitive outcomes. Results suggest that researchers utilizing prototypes should be mindful of which prototype dimensions they include in their guiding theory and subsequent clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEmerging Adulthood
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Sexual Behavior
Cognition
cognition
alcohol
Alcohols
Risk-Taking
risk behavior
examination
interaction
human being
Research Personnel
Research

Keywords

  • alcohol
  • prototypes
  • risky sexual behavior

Cite this

@article{dbaaf77c35f04d1b9bcc252137d5f19d,
title = "An Examination of the Relative Associations of Prototype Favorability, Similarity, and Their Interaction With Alcohol and Alcohol-Related Risky Sexual Cognitions and Behavior",
abstract = "Prototypes are defined as the image a person holds of the typical person who engages in risk behavior and are comprised of favorability toward the prototype and similarity to the prototype. Despite both being posited as important prototype dimensions, the findings regarding their predictive utility are mixed, and most research has focused on alcohol use and not other related risk behaviors. Thus, the present study examined whether both prototype dimensions (prototype favorability, prototype similarity) as well as their interaction predicted alcohol and alcohol-related sexual cognitions and behavior. Results from 294 emerging adults indicated that prototype similarity (but not prototype favorability or their interaction) predicted both behavioral and cognitive outcomes. Results suggest that researchers utilizing prototypes should be mindful of which prototype dimensions they include in their guiding theory and subsequent clinical applications.",
keywords = "alcohol, prototypes, risky sexual behavior",
author = "Litt, {Dana Michelle} and Lewis, {Melissa Ardelle} and Fairlie, {Anne M.} and Head-Corliss, {Maya K.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/2167696818790827",
language = "English",
journal = "Emerging Adulthood",
issn = "2167-6968",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An Examination of the Relative Associations of Prototype Favorability, Similarity, and Their Interaction With Alcohol and Alcohol-Related Risky Sexual Cognitions and Behavior

AU - Litt, Dana Michelle

AU - Lewis, Melissa Ardelle

AU - Fairlie, Anne M.

AU - Head-Corliss, Maya K.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Prototypes are defined as the image a person holds of the typical person who engages in risk behavior and are comprised of favorability toward the prototype and similarity to the prototype. Despite both being posited as important prototype dimensions, the findings regarding their predictive utility are mixed, and most research has focused on alcohol use and not other related risk behaviors. Thus, the present study examined whether both prototype dimensions (prototype favorability, prototype similarity) as well as their interaction predicted alcohol and alcohol-related sexual cognitions and behavior. Results from 294 emerging adults indicated that prototype similarity (but not prototype favorability or their interaction) predicted both behavioral and cognitive outcomes. Results suggest that researchers utilizing prototypes should be mindful of which prototype dimensions they include in their guiding theory and subsequent clinical applications.

AB - Prototypes are defined as the image a person holds of the typical person who engages in risk behavior and are comprised of favorability toward the prototype and similarity to the prototype. Despite both being posited as important prototype dimensions, the findings regarding their predictive utility are mixed, and most research has focused on alcohol use and not other related risk behaviors. Thus, the present study examined whether both prototype dimensions (prototype favorability, prototype similarity) as well as their interaction predicted alcohol and alcohol-related sexual cognitions and behavior. Results from 294 emerging adults indicated that prototype similarity (but not prototype favorability or their interaction) predicted both behavioral and cognitive outcomes. Results suggest that researchers utilizing prototypes should be mindful of which prototype dimensions they include in their guiding theory and subsequent clinical applications.

KW - alcohol

KW - prototypes

KW - risky sexual behavior

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052558356&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/2167696818790827

DO - 10.1177/2167696818790827

M3 - Article

JO - Emerging Adulthood

JF - Emerging Adulthood

SN - 2167-6968

ER -