An alternative, effective substrate for erythrocyte acid phosphatase phenotype determinations

B. Budowle, A. M. Gambel

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Abstract

A method is described for obtaining nondiffusing, nonfading fluorogenic zymograms for erythrocyte acid phosphatase variants separated isoelectric focusing. The synthetic substrate 4-trifluoromethylcoumarin phosphate was impregnated into cellulose diacetate membranes and air-dried overnight. After isoelectric focusing, the substrate overlay membrane was rehydrated in 0.05M citrate buffer, pH 4.0, lightly blotted, and overlayed on the gel. A 5- to 10-min incubation at 37°C produced intensely fluorescing, light-blue bands on the diacetate membrane. Interaction of the trifluoromethyl group on the substrate with hydrophobic regions of the diacetate membrane impeded diffusion, yielding a permanent zymogram. There were no discepancies in phenotype determinations using this method when compared with the 4-methyl-umbelliferyl phosphate assay approach. Further, an increased number of conclusive calls were obtained (91.8 versus 79.5% and 54.1 versus 34.9%) with this new assay when compared with the 4-methylumbelliferyl phosphate substrate on known liquid bloods and questioned dried blood-stains, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-920
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Volume33
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1988

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