Aircraft-assisted pilot suicides: Lessons to be learned

Alpo Vuorio, Tanja Laukkala, Pooshan Navathe, Bruce Budowle, Anne Eyre, Antti Sajantila

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aircraft assisted suicides were studied in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Finland during 1956-2012 by means of literature search and accident case analysis. According to our study the frequency varied slightly between the studies. Overall, the new estimate of aircraft assisted suicides in the United States in a 20-yr period (1993-2012) is 0.33% (95% CI 0.21-0.49) (24/7244). In the detailed accident case analysis, it was found that in five out of the eight cases from the United States, someone knew of prior suicidal ideation before the aircraft assisted fatality. The caveats of standard medico-legal autopsy and accident investigation methods in investigation of suspected aircraft assisted suicides are discussed. It is suggested that a psychological autopsy should be performed in all such cases. Also the social context and possibilities of the prevention of aviation-related suicides were analyzed. In addition, some recent aircraft assisted suicides carried out using commercial aircraft during scheduled services and causing many casualties are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-846
Number of pages6
JournalAviation Space and Environmental Medicine
Volume85
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Assisted Suicide
Aircraft
Accidents
Autopsy
Aviation
Suicidal Ideation
Finland
Suicide
Germany
Psychology

Keywords

  • Aircraft
  • Aviation
  • Fatal
  • Forensic
  • Pilot
  • Suicide

Cite this

Vuorio, Alpo ; Laukkala, Tanja ; Navathe, Pooshan ; Budowle, Bruce ; Eyre, Anne ; Sajantila, Antti. / Aircraft-assisted pilot suicides : Lessons to be learned. In: Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 85, No. 8. pp. 841-846.
@article{d34abccf349240fba263ec17a0640183,
title = "Aircraft-assisted pilot suicides: Lessons to be learned",
abstract = "Aircraft assisted suicides were studied in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Finland during 1956-2012 by means of literature search and accident case analysis. According to our study the frequency varied slightly between the studies. Overall, the new estimate of aircraft assisted suicides in the United States in a 20-yr period (1993-2012) is 0.33{\%} (95{\%} CI 0.21-0.49) (24/7244). In the detailed accident case analysis, it was found that in five out of the eight cases from the United States, someone knew of prior suicidal ideation before the aircraft assisted fatality. The caveats of standard medico-legal autopsy and accident investigation methods in investigation of suspected aircraft assisted suicides are discussed. It is suggested that a psychological autopsy should be performed in all such cases. Also the social context and possibilities of the prevention of aviation-related suicides were analyzed. In addition, some recent aircraft assisted suicides carried out using commercial aircraft during scheduled services and causing many casualties are discussed.",
keywords = "Aircraft, Aviation, Fatal, Forensic, Pilot, Suicide",
author = "Alpo Vuorio and Tanja Laukkala and Pooshan Navathe and Bruce Budowle and Anne Eyre and Antti Sajantila",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3357/ASEM.4000.2014",
language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "841--846",
journal = "Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "0095-6562",
publisher = "Aerospace Medical Association",
number = "8",

}

Vuorio, A, Laukkala, T, Navathe, P, Budowle, B, Eyre, A & Sajantila, A 2014, 'Aircraft-assisted pilot suicides: Lessons to be learned', Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine, vol. 85, no. 8, pp. 841-846. https://doi.org/10.3357/ASEM.4000.2014

Aircraft-assisted pilot suicides : Lessons to be learned. / Vuorio, Alpo; Laukkala, Tanja; Navathe, Pooshan; Budowle, Bruce; Eyre, Anne; Sajantila, Antti.

In: Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 85, No. 8, 01.01.2014, p. 841-846.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aircraft-assisted pilot suicides

T2 - Lessons to be learned

AU - Vuorio, Alpo

AU - Laukkala, Tanja

AU - Navathe, Pooshan

AU - Budowle, Bruce

AU - Eyre, Anne

AU - Sajantila, Antti

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Aircraft assisted suicides were studied in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Finland during 1956-2012 by means of literature search and accident case analysis. According to our study the frequency varied slightly between the studies. Overall, the new estimate of aircraft assisted suicides in the United States in a 20-yr period (1993-2012) is 0.33% (95% CI 0.21-0.49) (24/7244). In the detailed accident case analysis, it was found that in five out of the eight cases from the United States, someone knew of prior suicidal ideation before the aircraft assisted fatality. The caveats of standard medico-legal autopsy and accident investigation methods in investigation of suspected aircraft assisted suicides are discussed. It is suggested that a psychological autopsy should be performed in all such cases. Also the social context and possibilities of the prevention of aviation-related suicides were analyzed. In addition, some recent aircraft assisted suicides carried out using commercial aircraft during scheduled services and causing many casualties are discussed.

AB - Aircraft assisted suicides were studied in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Finland during 1956-2012 by means of literature search and accident case analysis. According to our study the frequency varied slightly between the studies. Overall, the new estimate of aircraft assisted suicides in the United States in a 20-yr period (1993-2012) is 0.33% (95% CI 0.21-0.49) (24/7244). In the detailed accident case analysis, it was found that in five out of the eight cases from the United States, someone knew of prior suicidal ideation before the aircraft assisted fatality. The caveats of standard medico-legal autopsy and accident investigation methods in investigation of suspected aircraft assisted suicides are discussed. It is suggested that a psychological autopsy should be performed in all such cases. Also the social context and possibilities of the prevention of aviation-related suicides were analyzed. In addition, some recent aircraft assisted suicides carried out using commercial aircraft during scheduled services and causing many casualties are discussed.

KW - Aircraft

KW - Aviation

KW - Fatal

KW - Forensic

KW - Pilot

KW - Suicide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906053869&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3357/ASEM.4000.2014

DO - 10.3357/ASEM.4000.2014

M3 - Review article

C2 - 25199127

AN - SCOPUS:84906053869

VL - 85

SP - 841

EP - 846

JO - Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine

JF - Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine

SN - 0095-6562

IS - 8

ER -